Melanoma

The Serious Type of Skin Cancer: By- Chris Martins

Melanoma is "-when something goes wrong in the pigment-producing cells that give color to the skin," but it is simply a mole that develops into cancer with too much exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. The scientific name for melanoma is "melanoma malignum," but melanoma is the common name. Melanoma is the most serious, if not, one of the most serious type of skin cancer. So melanoma is no laughing matter.


  1. An estimated 73870 new cases of invasive melanoma will be diagnosed in 2015

  2. On average, a person’s risk for melanoma doubles if he or she has more than 5 sunburns

  3. Melanoma is the 5th most common cancer for males, and the 7th most common cancer for females

  4. One person dies of melanoma every 57 minutes

  5. 1 in 50 men and women will be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin during their lifetime

  6. About 86% of melanoma of melanomas can be caused by the exposure to UV rays of the sun

  7. Melanoma accounts for 6% of cancer cases in teens of ages 15-19 years old

  8. Half of all adults aged 18-29 report at least one sunburn in the past 12 months

  9. Sustaining 5 or more sunburns in youth cases increases lifetime melanoma risk by 80%

  10. Melanoma is the most common cancer for young adults 25-29 and the second most common form of cancer for young people 15--29 years old

Ways to Maintain Your Health

  1. Avoid tanning beds

  2. Use sunscreen

  3. Follow the slip, slop, slap and wrap rules. Slip on a shirt, slop on sunscreen, slap on a hat and wrap on sunglasses

  4. Seek shade, especially in the middle of the day, when the sun’s rays are the strongest

  5. Avoid direct exposure to the sun, between 10 a.m and 4 p.m

  6. Teach children the shadow rule; “If your shadow is shorter than you, the sun’s rays are at the strongest”

Melanoma

As mentioned before, melanoma is caused by too much exposure to the sun's ultraviolet-a and ultraviolet-b rays. It could also be genetic. The more members you have with melanoma, the more likely you are going to get it. Anyone can get this disease, but there are some people that are more likely than others. For example, if you have many moles throughout your body, you are more likely to have melanoma. People with unusually shaped, or large moles, you will have a better chance of getting melanoma. Most birthmarks such as the common port wine stain, or strawberry marks have no risk of developing into cancer, but a very rare type called congenital giant melanocytic nevus, can develop into melanoma. People who are very fair skinned or that have red hair, can have a higher risk of skin cancer. People with darker skins can also get melanoma, but have more natural protection against it. Melanoma is commonly found in Australia and in New Zealand. These two places have the highest reported rates in the world. There are many symptoms of melanoma which include itching, bleeding, feeling pain, growing mole on your skin, unusually looking mole that does not look like any other mole (the ugly duckling), non-uniform mole which has an odd shape, uneven or uncertain border and is different colored.

Melanoma Antidote

You diagnose melanoma with biopsy. In this procedure, all or part of the suspicious looking mole is removed, and a pathologist analyzes the cancer. To treat melanoma, you surgically remove the skin tumor, and some of the normal skin around it. Melanoma cannot be cured, but as stated before, it can be removed with surgery. Melanoma is fatal. Many people die from it every year. There were 2148 deaths from melanoma in the UK in 2012.

Citations

"Facts about SKIN CANCER." Facts about SKIN CANCER. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

"Skin Cancer Facts." Skin Cancer Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

"Skin Cancer Foundation." Skin Cancer Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

"Melanoma Risks and Causes." Melanoma Risks and Causes. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

"Can Melanoma Skin Cancer Be Prevented?" Can Melanoma Skin Cancer Be Prevented? N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

"DermNet NZ." Melanoma, Malignant Melanoma. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

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