The 5 Female GREEK Olympian gods

Amy Wong : 7 Tharawal

INTRODUCTION

This flyer will be talking about the five female Olympians: Athena, Artemis, Hera, Aphrodite and Hestia. What you will know about each Goddess is:

- a simple introduction

- their symbols

- the story of each goddess

- their places

- the festivals of each goddess

THE 5 FEMALE GREEK OLYMPIANS GODS

ATHENA

OBJECTS & SYMBOLS OF ATHENA

Athena has a variety of different symbols and objects symbolizing the different aspects of herself. These symbols/objects are:


- The Owl

The Owl is her pet. It symbolizes Wisdom (like it does in many cultures).

- Olive Tree

The Olive Tree was a gift from Athena to everyone. This tree gave oil, wood and food.

- Aegies (Breastplate)

An indestructible breastplate given to Athena by Perseus.

- Armour, Helmet and Spear

These three show that she has the duty of a warrior.

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ATHENA'S STORY

Zeus's first wife was a goddess named Metis, known for being the daughter of Ocean and for her wisdom. When she became pregnant, Earth had warned Zeus that Metis would give birth to a son that would take over his thrown, like he did to his own father.


This lead to Zeus swallowing up Metis, and a very painful headache. Hephaestus, also known as Titan Prometheus, was summoned by Zeus to help him. In order to help Zeus, Hephaestus used an axe to split Zeus's forehead open (Zeus wanted to do this to see what was wrong). This made Athena spring and come forward in full armour.


Both Athena and Poseidon wanted to become the patron deity of Athens. In order to prove worthy of being Athen's patron deity, she made an olive tree spring to life on the citadel of Athens, the Acropolis. Determined to outdo her, Poseidon struck the ground with his trident, causing an enormous amount of water to spring forward. Unfortunately for being the God of the Sea, the water was salty and did not bring much use to the Athenians. They had found Athena's gift to them much more useful, which lead her to becoming the patron deity of Athens.


Athena assisted and joined Perseus, Jason, Cadmus, Odysseus and Heracles on their quests. She was a big part of Perseus's quest to slay Medusa because she wanted the Gorgon's head as a decoration for her shield.

HER PLACE - PARTHENON

In Greece, most cities had a sanctuary or a temple devoted to Athena as she was "the protectness of the city". The city that she was mostly connected to was the city of Athens as she became the patron deity of the city.


In the 5th century BC, a gigantic temple was built on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to Athena called the Parthenon. This was built at the place where Athena gave the gift of the olive tree to the Athenians. The gift of the olive tree made other olive trees grow near Plato's Academy, and had provided all the oil needed for the Panathenaic Games.

THE PANATHENAIA

In Athens, the Panathenaia, also known as the Panathenaic Games, is a huge festival held by Athena. Everyone in the Athenian society joined: men, women, citizens, slaves and even foreigners; as long as you lived in Athens, you were allowed to attend. The festival was of competitions, sacrifices and a parade to show the new robe on the statue of Athena, found on the Acropolis.
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ARTEMIS

objects & symbols of artemis

The symbols and objects of Artemis are:


- Bow & Arrow

- Wild Animals

- Crescent Moon

ARTEMIS'S STORY

Artemis and her twin brother Apollo were the children of Zeus and Leto. There are actually some myths that say Artemis was born first, and had to assist her mother to give birth to Apollo.


One day, the Queen of Thebes, Niobe, boasted that she was better then Leto because she had much more children then her, as the twins were the only children Leto had. Furious at her insult, Artemis and Apollo killed most of Niobe's children for revenge with their deadly arrows. Of course, Niobe had burst into tears, which lead her to turn into stone. As she stayed in her stone form, she continued to weep.


Artemis had spent most of her time hunting with Orion, a giant huntsman. Apollo had noticed this, and wanted to put an end to their relationship, and came up with a plan. One day, Apollo challenged Artemis to prove that she was worthy of being an archer. The challenge was to shoot a floating object far out at sea. Artemis accepted, and got bullseye. Unfortunately though, the object Artemis shot was Orion's head.

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her place - the temple of artemis

There was a sanctuary built dedicated to Artemis at Ephesus, known as the Temple of Artemis. There is a different version of Artemis in Ephesus than the one in mainland Greece. This different version is a statue of Artemis, covered with egg-like breasts.


In the 7th century BC, a flood happened to destroy the temple. It was decided to be rebuilt later on around in 550BC, and it had taken 10 years for it to be rebuilt. Unfortunately, it had to be rebuilt later on again as an act of arson (setting fire to buildings, wide areas etc.) by Herostratus occurred. After they had rebuilt it though, it was added to the list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Brauronia

Brauronia was an annual festival held by Artemis at Brauron. It was actually quite an unusual festival, as it involved little girls at the ages from 5 to 10 dressed up and acted like bears. It strangely satisfied Artemis.

hera

OBJECTS & SYMBOLS OF HERA

The objects and symbols of Hera are:


- A Peacock

The peacock resembles Hera's pride.

- A Cow

The cow symbolizes her role of giving birth to the children she raises and feeds with milk.

- Pomegranate

The pomegranate symbolizes martial love and fruitfulness. In most pictures, she is seen to be wearing a crown and holding a scepter, making it clear that she is the Queen of the Gods.

HERA'S STORY