The discovery of Boron

A Metalloid first discovered in Paris,France.

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1808 J.L. Gay-Lussac and L.J. Thenard perform a reaction between boric acid and magnesium to form boron, a grey solid.


Sir Humphry Davy in London, UK tried producing boron using electrolysis.However was not satisfied with the results until he had a reaction between, potassium and boric acid, in a hydrogen atmoshphere.

Neither chemists produced pure boron,they only managed to construct only 60%.

In 1909 American chemist Ezekiel Weintraub was able to produce 99% pure boron.

In 2009 a team led by Artem Oganov was able to demonstrate the two structures of boron B12 and B2.

Uses and Characteristics of Boron

Characteristics

  1. 1. solid /powder
  2. 2. black
  3. 3. low density material
  4. 4. heat resistant
  5. 5. almost as hard as diamond


Uses :

  1. It is used as a nutrient for plants
  2. It makes borosilicate glasses it gives the glass heat resistance as well as strength.
  3. Used in rockets as an igniter which is
  4. Used as a water softener in washing powder
  5. Used as control for nuclear reactors and a shield from nuclear radiation