The New World We Didn't Know About

Why Was It a Secret ?

Finding the New World

As we have learned across the world, Christopher Columbus discovered the new world known to be called, America in the year of 1492. Columbus first made an adventure across the Atlantic Ocean when he was attacked by French privateers off the coast of Portugal. Before finding this new world, he discovered something he thought was East Asia. His expedition went ashore the same day and claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find a western ocean route to China, India, and the fabled gold and spice islands of Asia. August 3rd, the day Columbus sailed from Spain with the 3 famous ships. Santa Maria, Pinta, and the Nina. When October 12th came, expedition reached land. Later on that month Columbus visited Cuba, thinking it was the land of China. Soon later he landed on Hispaniola also thinking it was something opposite than what it actually was, which was Japan, there he established his small colony of 39 men.

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The Final Cut

Atahuallpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Incas, dies by strangulation at the hands of Francisco Pizarro’s Spanish conquistadors. Pizarro served under Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda during his expedition to Colombia in 1510 and was with Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513. Pizarro treacherously put him on trial for plotting to overthrow the Spanish, for having his half-brother Huascar murdered, and for several other lesser charges. A Spanish tribunal convicted Atahuallpa and sentenced him to die. On August 29, 1533, the emperor was tied to a stake and offered the choice of being burned alive or strangled by garrote if he converted to Christianity.

Spotlight

Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León led a European expedition for gold, which brought him to the southeast of what was eventually the United States. Encouraged by his profits, the Spanish crown drew Ponce de León to continue settlement of the island and step up gold-mining efforts. He soon returned to Puerto Rico and around this time, León learned that a Caribbean island called Bimini, on which it was rumored there were miraculous waters purported to be a “fountain of youth.” Though the pursuit of a fountain of youth is often cited as the motivating force behind his expedition, Ponce de León was able to strike a substantially lucrative deal with the crown to mount it.

Treatment or Harm?


Cortés spent some time at Cozumel, trying to convert the locals to Christianity and achieving mixed results. While at Cozumel, Cortés heard reports of other white men living in the Yucatan Cortés sent messengers to these reported castilianos, who turned out to be the survivors of the 1511 shipwreck, Gerónimo de Aguilar and Gonzalo Guerrero. However, Cortés discovered a far more valuable being a form of a woman who Cortés called Doña Marina. She is often known as Malinche and also sometimes called "Malintzin" or Mallinali. Later, the Aztecs would come to call Cortés "Malintzin" by dint of his close association with her.