Houston Zoo

What they eat ?

  • Up to 75 pounds of food a day (typically Acacia leaves)
  • Habitat

    is limited primarily to savannas, sahels, and dry, open woodland, especially regions with an abundance of acacia, a small thorny tree, which is one of the giraffe's favorite foods


    • Tongue is 18 inches long
    • Have a four chambered stomach
    • Can drink up to 10 gallons of water per day
    • Have the longest tail of any land mammal – up to 8 feet long
    • Have no tear ducts
    • Have never been observed bathing
    • Their neck is actually too short to reach the ground. As a result, it has to awkwardly spread its front legs or kneel on its front legs in order to reach the ground to drink water

    More Facts !

    • Their heart is 2 feet long and weighs about 25 pounds
    • Their heart beats up to 170 times/minute
    • The heart pumps about 16 gallons of blood/minute
  • It is the tallest animal in the world
    • Males stand 16-18 feet; Females 14-16 feet
    • Males weigh up to 2,000 pounds; Females a bit lighter
  • Females use their hooves as weapons only to defend their young.
    • They are strong enough to kill a lion, which is the Giraffe's only real predator.
  • Born with horns
    • Both males and females have them.
    • Covered with skin
    • Males are thicker and heavier and are used sometimes to fight other males.
  • Only found naturally in Africa
  • Their tongue is black
  • Can gallop 31-37 miles per hour
  • Form herds and travel together for protection
    • Their average territorial range is approximately 46 square miles
    • Males known as bulls
    • Females known as cows
  • Can rest standing up
    • Usually only sleep 5 minutes at a time


  • Have their first conception in their fifth year.
    • Gestation period is 15 months
    • Interval between births is generally 20 months
    • A baby is generally 6 feet tall and will weigh about 150 pounds at birth
    • Will fall approximately 6 feet during birth before hitting the ground
    • Begins nursing within one hour
    • Generally also begin walking within one hour
    • Spend between 16 and 20 hours a day feeding