The Battle of Iwo Jima

The Battle of Iwo Jima was one of the most major and symbolic battles in the Pacific during World War II. After four days, the U.S. had captured most of the island while the Japanese were still resisting

Friday, Feb. 16th 1945 at 7am

Iwo Jima, Ogasawara, Tokyo, Japan

Ogasawara, Tokyo

69 years ago, on February 16th, 1945, the U.S assaulted the island of Iwo Jima by air and sea.

Who & Why?

The U.S. and Japan were fighting for several days on the island of Iwo Jima because if the U.S. captured the island (which they did) they would have the advantage of attacking agressively

General

General Holland Smith directed the attack on Iwo Jima for the marines. However, due to the underground tunnels constructed by the Japanese, it was not an easy task to take Iwo Jima by sea.

Goal

The main goal of capturing the island was not for land, it was so the U.S. could station troops closer to Japan. This helped the U.S. make stronger attacks on the main land of Japan and, eventually drop the atomic bomb on them.

Strategies Used

The U.S. began by bombing the island for three days. When those days passed, the marines landed on the 16th of February. Japan had many underground tunnels so using the navy for attacking was not the best idea.

Impact

If the U.S. had lost the Battle of Iwo Jima, we could not have guaranteed a solid win against Japan. Even when we dropped both bombs on Japan, we were still unsure whether Japan would surrender or not. Iwo Jima gave the United States a chance to send more troops safely without taking the risk of forcing soldiers to travel several hundreds of miles from Hawaii just to be unprepared for an unexpected attack. The capturing of the island played a crucial role in WWII