Physical Examinations

Kailey Cooley

Diseases screened for


Disease screened for during mammograms.

A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. A diagnostic mammogram is used to diagnose breast disease in women who have breast symptoms or an abnormal result on a screening mammogram.

People who should get mammograms are women 40 and older and they should get them every 1 to 2 years.

1. Percent of women 40 years of age and over who had a mammogram within the past 2 years: 67.1% (2010).

2. Number of breast cancer deaths for females: 40,996

Pap Smears

Diseases screened for during Pap Smear

used to detect potentially precancerous and cancerous processes in the endocervical canal.

People who should get Pap Smears are women and start at 21 and should get them every 2 years.

Stats and Facts

1. 93% of American women report having had at least one Pap smear in their lifetime.

2. A Pap smear can prevent the most common form of cervical cancer in up to 90% of cases.

Prostate Exam

Diseases screened for during Prostate Exam

Prostate cancer and blood pressure is screened for during a prostate exam.

People who should get a Prostate Exam are men over 50 and should get them every 4 years

Stats and Facts

1. Each year in Australia, close to 3,300 men die of prostate cancer

2. Some groups are at greater risk of prostate cancer

Physical Examinations

More exams that could happen at a routine physical exam are ear examinations, which check for ear problems or infections, a lung exam, which checks for signs of heart or lung disease, and a reflex examination, which detects the presence of diseases, like polio