The Variety Of Cells

By: Shannell Hamilton

Plasma/Cell Membrane

  • Composed of phospholipid bilayer which is phosphate lipids attached to them.
  • Serves as a gateway to allow or block the entry or exit of materials.
  • present in both plants and animals.
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Cell Wall

  • made of special sugar called cellulose.
  • helps plants to keep its shape.
  • Is present in plants only.
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Cytoplasm

  • Clear, jelly fluid that fills the nucleus.
  • Holds the internal components in the cell together.
  • Cytoplasm is present in both animals and plants.
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Nucleus

  • Enclosed by a gateway , ball-shaped
  • Holds DNA and proteins. Controls reproduction and growth
  • Present in both animals and plants
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Nuclear Membrane

  • A envelope, it encloses the nucleus.
  • A barrier that separates the nucleus from cytoplasm.
  • Present in both animals and plants.
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Nucleolus

  • A round ball in the middle of the nucleus.
  • Protein formation, RNA synthesis
  • Since both animal and plant cells has a nucleus and the nucleolus is in the center of the nucleus, they both have a nucleolus.
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Centroiles

  • Made in the centrosome and is a small body near the nucleus.
  • Keeps the microtubules organized.
  • Centroiles are only found in animals. Although they can be found in lower plants.
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Ribosomes

  • Found on the outside of the E.R.
  • Responsible for protein coming in.
  • Found in both animals and plant cells.
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Golgi Apparatus

  • Flat sacks of membrane.
  • Packs protein in the vesicle.
  • Golgi is present in both animals and plants.
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Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R)

  • Interconnecting membrane tunnel.
  • Provides protein for the cells and follows all instructions from the nucleus.
  • Present in both plants and animals.
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Mitochrondia

  • Power house of the cell.
  • Provides energy for the cell.
  • Present in both of the cells.
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Chloroplast

  • Disc shaped organelles.
  • Absorbs energy from the sunlight.
  • Chloroplast is only found in the plant cells.
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Lysosomes

  • Contains digestive enzymes.
  • Digest macromolecules
  • Only present in animal cells.
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Peroxisomes

  • Small vesicles found around the cell.
  • Oxygen that breaks down fats.
  • This process is found in both cells.
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Vacuole

  • Little bubbles found in cell.
  • Mostly connects to a storage bin.
  • Animals and plants both has the organelle Vacuole
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Cytoskeleton

  • Connects to every part of the cell and organelle.
  • Maintains the shape of the cell and supports it.
  • Present in both animal and plants.
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