Government Semester Project

Standards 1-8

Standard 1. Understand the rights and responsibilities of each citizen and demonstrate the value of lifelong civic action.

As U.S. citizens we have many rights and responsibilities. A right is, a moral or legal entitlement to have or obtain something or to act in a certain way. A responsibility is, the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone. A right we have as citizens is the Freedom of Speech. With this right, we have the right to say what we want when we want to, but when it is appropriate. A responsibility we have is to volunteer. This is a responsibility because it something that we should do, but not everyone does. One thing that falls into both categories is the Right to Vote. This falls into both because, you have the right to come and vote and voice your opinion in the election. But it is a responsibility because we need to go and do it but not many people come out and vote during elections.

Standard 2. Understand how the government established by the Constitution embodies the enduring values and principles of democracy and republicanism.

The US Constitution is made up of six main principles. Those principles are, popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review and federalism. These are the main ideas of the Constitution. Popular sovereignty is, like the electoral college ad it gives the power to the people. Limited government is, restraints against the government and it discourages abuse of the citizens. Separation of powers is the three different branches of government, the judicial, executive, and legislative branches. Checks and balances is, preventing too much power in the three branches. Judicial review is, not stated in the Constitution, and the judge the acts of congress. Lastly federalism is, the national government versus the state government. The legislative branch is also split into two separate pieces. The House of Representatives and The Senate. When joined together they are called Congress. The Constitution talks about how; individual rights, the common good, self government, justice, equality, diversity, openness and free inquiry, truth, patriotism are fundamental to American public life. This is important because it makes us who we are as American's. Since the Constitution promotes those things the government should too.

Standard 3. Understand the purpose and function of each of the three branches of government established by the Constitution.

In the U.S. government there are three different branches that make it up. Legislative branch, the Executive branch and the Judicial branch. Each of these branches has specific function in government. The legislative branch is in charge of creating the laws and writing them out. The executive branch is the President and he looks over everything and makes sure everything is in line. Lastly the Judicial Branch is charge of judging cases that are bad to extent that can't be handled by the State. It is a long and lengthy process to create a law. The law creating process starts with both side of the legislative branch, the House of Representatives and the Senate, have to make points for both sides of what they are wanting to pass. And then both sides create a bill and then they compare and if they are different they have to revise them until they both look the same. After that it goes to the Executive branch, which is the President, and he looks it over and either accepts it or vetoes the bill. After that the Judicial branch judges it and makes sure it is okay and then it goes into action.

Standard 4. Understand the similarities and differences among the complex levels of local, state, and national government.

Both the state and federal governments have a form of Constitution. Similarities between the two types of Constitutions are both describe a distribution of power, they talk about power, both have a preamble, discuss the three branches of the government, English, and freedoms. The differences that Iowa's Constitution has from the Federal Constitution have are, Iowa defines its boundaries, the state constitution is more specific, one is for Iowa, one is for the whole country, No dueling law in the U.S Constitution, Iowa Constitution is organized by topics, not articles, Articles/Federal, State Specific. State Government has power over certain areas, the state. The federal government has power over all of the states combined. The states can make and destroy their own laws but they must follow the federal laws as well. An example of a state not obeying the federal law is Colorado, they made marijuana legal but the federal law has not made marijuana legal so they are technically breaking the law. The next example is the state and federal governments have different powers. The state can establish local governments, issue licenses, regulate intrastate commerce, run elections, ratify amendments and provide public health and safety. The federal government can, print money, declare war, establish army & navy, enter treaties, regulate commerce, post office, and make laws to enforce Constitution. Another Example of how all three are similar is that they all have a person who is in charge, the federal has the President, the State has the governor, and local has the mayor. A last example is how they are ran. State governments are less strict than the Federal government and city governments are more laid back than both of them.

Standard 5. Understand strategies for effective political action that impacts local, state, and national governance.

This standard is like based around a few different things one example is, the civic responsibility. Civic responsibility is, responsibility of the citizens. It is made up of actions and attitudes associated with a democratic governance. It is what is morally right what they should do. The last example is, that in a school setting we have a government ran by the students and one that is ran by adults. We have a student leadership team which has a president, secretary, treasurer, and class representative for each grade. The "government" ran by adults is the school board and they are in charge of making large decisions for the school. In our community we have the Mayor, and the City Council they help aid in the decisions made for the town. In the state we have the Governor and there is one state legislator. Lastly in the nation we have the President, the House of Representatives, the Senate and the member of the Judicial Branch.

Standard 6. Understand how laws are established at the local, state, and national levels.

At the federal level laws are, written by the House of Representatives and the Senate. Both of them have to agree on the final product. After they agree, then the president veto's or sends to Judicial branch, judicial branch votes on it and then it is put into law. At the State level, it is similar. The states have their own senate and house of representatives that goes through the same process. Although, at the end, the bill goes to the Governor rather than the President. At the local level, a bill may be proposed but all cities or towns have a city council that will vote on any law or restrictions.

Standard 7. Understand how various political systems throughout the world define the rights and responsibilities of the individual.

There are many different types of governments around the world, in the U.S. we have a representative democracy. Which is a government that is ran by the people. THe people hold the sovereign power. It is government ran by the people for the people. In some places like North Korea and Cuba they have an autocracy for their government. An autocracy is that the power and authority are in the hands of one Individual. In North Korea the power is in the hands of Kim Jung Un. There is also three different types of economies through out the world. Those three types are, Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism. Communism, making sure everyone is equal and everything is publicly owned, everyone works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. In a sense though not everyone is equal is a Communist economy because there is one person in charge making things unequal and if people are paid on their abilities then someone could be better at something then someone else and get paid more. The next type of economy is, Socialism. Socialism is, an economy with social organization and everything is owned and regulated by the whole community. Here you can compete to get what you want and the government says what you can and can't do to get what you want. Also with socialism the government can just come in and take everything away from you even if you have a lot of money. The last type of economy there is, is Capitalism. Capitalism is, a system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. In capitalism you can decide what you want to do with your money and the government doesn't tell you what to do with it.

Standard 8. Understand the role of the United States in current world affairs.

With all of the crazy things going on in the world the US government gets involved sometimes depending on the extent of it. When we get involved we send troops or something to help aid that country that is struggling. A few examples are, the ISIS terrorist attacks in the middle East, the ebola break outs and the Ukraine vs. Russia case. We stepped in with the ISIS situation because, they were holding American reporters and American's hostage during the situation and they were killing them. Next we sent medical personnel and troops to Africa to help with the Ebola break out so we could try and stop it from spreading more than what it was. Lastly we sent aid during the Ukraine vs. Russia epidemic because, Russia was trying to take over Ukraine and we were aiding Ukraine so that they could keep their territory.