GIS- Geographic Information System

By: Jennifer S, Sage B, Rukmini W, Chandrika M

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Description of Innovation

What is it made of?

It is made up of computer hardware and GIS software. To be able to record data, it also needs the geographic data and people.

Who and where was it invented?

Roger Tomlinson invented the GIS in Ontario, Canada. He invented it in 1968.

How does it work?

GIS uses the data from an area, then combines it with computer mapping. Then it provides a sophisticated data storage and analysis tool.

What is it's impact on society?

GIS can be combined with Network Analysis to develop functions from quantitative sociologists and mathematicians or create a map of the landscape. With the data, people can understand their land and decide where they want to place businesses and biologists can use it to predict migration patterns.

Changes from Innovation

How has it changed the way people use their resources?

GIS can help you determine how seriously an issue affects a community. Which then people can use their resources, to stop that issue. If the issue is with a non-renewable resource, then they can stop using it as much. GIS helps people to know what resources they need, and how they can use it.

How has it changed the way people interact with others?

The GIS allows us to examine and model Earth and combined with new interdisiplinary perspectives. With this, people are able to keep track of each other and will allow for better transportation.

How has this affected where people are able to live?

The GIS integrates geographic data and geoprocessing so we can see the changes from human activities on the environment. GIS can be used to view the different ways we can use the land. It can also be used for economic development; to find the right places to locate businesses and grow old ones. Based from where businesses are located, people must also move with the changing environment. The GIS will tell normal people where they can and cannot live based on the environment.

What is its impact on globalization?

The GIS will allow countries around the world to understand other countries and their land. With the data produced with network analysis, GIS can produce data easily understood for sociologists and mathematicians that can tell others what the data means. Countries can develop using this system and know many things like where to locate a store, or plan a response to a natural disaster.

Works Cited

"Christopher Chase-Dunn." Regions and Interaction Networks. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"GIS for Planning and Community Development: Solving Global Challenges." Directions Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"GIS Resources." Geographic Information Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"Index of /conferences." Index of /conferences. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"Planning." And GIS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"Section 16. Geographic Information Systems: Tools for Community Mapping." Chapter 3. Assessing Community Needs and Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

"What Is a Geographic Information System (GIS)?" EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

GIS- geographic information system