Turning Points Final Exam

Abby Mills

9/11~ September 11, 2001

After the Cold War ended between the United States and the Soviet Union, terrorism began to rise (in the 90's.) Since the U.S.S.R supported Iraq and gave them essential supplies, Iraq didn't like the U.S at all, because we were considered the villain to the Soviets. Other reasons for the Middle Eastern countries not to like the U.S. was cultural differences, we supported Israel, and we put 500,000 troops in Saudi Arabia. Osama Bin Laden, born in the Middle East, started a radical terrorist group called Al-Qaeda. They loathed the United States, and wanted to weaken them. Laden helped to construct a plan that would cause a crisis in the U.S- hijack planes and fly them into important buildings. On September 11, 2001, 4 cross-country planes were hijacked: 2 of them were flown into the Twin Towers, 1 was flown into the Pentagon, and the other, planning to go to the U.S capitol, crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. George W. Bush was president at the time, and his presidency changed within seconds from calm to crisis. Almost 3,000 people were killed that day, and it is considered a tragedy in American History.

Important people to 9/11

Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden was the leader of Al-Qaeda, and one of the masterminds behind the awful 9/11 attacks. He commanded the four plane hijackings, and the crashes in New York and Washington D.C. Although all evidence pointed to him in the aftermath, he did not accept full blame until around 3 years later. When Barack Obama came into presidency, he promised America that Bin Laden would be captured and killed; Obama kept his promise: In 2011, Osama Bin Laden was killed in Pakistan, and since then, all Al-Qaeda troops have been destroyed in Afghanistan.

George W. Bush

George W. Bush was the president during the 9/11 attacks. He was in Florida at the time, when he received the information. All of a sudden, his presidency changed from calm to crisis: his new job was restoring hope to a demoralized nation. Also in his presidency, he signed the Patriot Act and the Homeland Security Act, both to tighten security in the U.S and prevent future terrorist attacks. He also abolished several Muslim organizations, declared a War on Terror, and tightened security in airports with security scans, and full body scans.

Women's Suffrage and the Nineteenth Amendment: Turning Point #2 1848-1920

Women's Suffrage Overview

The first Women's Rights Convention was held in Seneca Falls, NY in 1848. The leaders were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. Together, with the help of the people who attended, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, based on the Declaration of Independence. This was the first step to the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment adopting women's right to vote. After the Civil War (suffrage movement stopped for the war effort) new Suffrage Associations were born, like the NWSA and the AWSA. These groups eventually merged in 1890 to create the NAWSA. All of these organizations pushed for voting at the state and federal levels for women. Eventually, in 1920, Women were granted the right to vote for their good work and dedication to the homefront war effort (WW1)

Major contributors to the Women's Suffrage Movement

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony

Stanton, along with Susan B. Anthony, were the main figures in the beginning of the Suffrage Movement. Along with writing the Declaration of Sentiments, Stanton and Anthony created the NWSA, and pushed for voting at the state level. They believed that if men could vote, so could women. Many other people began to join in on the road to freedom, and they were willing to do whatever it took to gain Women's Suffrage

Alice Paul

Alice Paul was the main leader of the militant National Women's Party. Their goal was to earn Women's Suffrage at the federal level. They took part in many important events, including marches, protests, and even pickets outside of the White House. Paul, along with several other members of this party were arrested because of this. In jail, they went on hunger strikes, and refused to cooperate. Paul herself nearly died from starvation, but she was not going to let the opposing side win.

Jamestown Colony Turning Point #3~ 1607

Overview of Jamestown Colony

Jamestown was founded in 1607 in the New World. It was the first permanent colony established in America. Jamestown was funded by the London Company, and was mainly an economic venture. Settlers who came to this new colony were searching for gold and silver, when they first arrived, but were told by John Smith that they needed to work to continue eating. The colony was not doing so well, plagued with diseases and killed by Indians, until tobacco was introduced to the colonists. They planted this, and became a thriving business. Indentured Servants, and eventually slaves were needed to help run the farms and plantations. This led to slavery in the United States a little while later. The first type of government was also established there: the House of Burgesses. It brought order to the colonies.

Important People to the colony at Jamestown

John Rolfe

John Rolfe was a colonist who came to Jamestown in the 1600's. With him, he brought a sweet, Spanish tobacco. This became a huge business in Jamestown when people discovered that the soil was perfect for this plant. Essentially, he saved the Jamestown Colony.

John Smith

John Smith was a very important figure in Jamestown. Along with becoming the leader of Jamestown, he told the colonists "if you don't work, you don't eat." This also saved Jamestown, because without this message, the colonists would probably all die out; they were spending all of their time searching for gold and silver.


In my opinion, I believe Jamestown is the most important turning point we have studied in this class. If the English had never settled in America, we could all be speaking Spanish or another language. The House of Burgesses was established there, which was America's first representative democracy we still use today. There would be no American Revolution, which inspired many other revolutions. Also, because John Rolfe brought the tobacco seeds to Jamestown, indentured servants were brought to America to help out on the plantations. Eventually, indentured servitude died out (because of Bacon's Rebellion), and the colony turned towards a cheap alternative: slaves. They were imported from Africa, and would work hard, long hours with literally nothing in exchange. Later on, some people favored slavery and others didn't. This was a major cause for the Civil War centuries later, which led to the end of slavery with the 13th amendment. Although slavery has been abolished, and African Americans have equal rights because of the Civil Rights Movement, there is still racism going on today.