Oman Discovery progect

By Adam Bradley Stephens

Bacic Information

Name: Oman


Capital: Muscat


Meaning behind the flag: Colors of the flag are symbolic, with green representing fertility; white represents peace, and this shade of red is common on many regional flags. The national emblem, a (Khanjar Dagger), is displayed upper-left. The dagger and its sheath are superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards.

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Geography

The Location: It's continent is Asia and the counties that surround it are Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and United Arab Emirates.


Major Landforms: In the north, a narrow and fertile coastal plain fronts the Gulf of Oman; from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains. Central and southeast, a few scrubby hills and low mountains dot the central desert landscape and coastal areas.


Major Landmarks: Nizwa Fort

Royal Opera House

Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque

Old Muttrah Souk

Jabrin Fort

Misfat al Abreyeen

Sumhuram Old City

Bahla Fort

Corniche

Mohammed Al Ameen Mosque


Major bodies of water:

There are no bodies of water IN Oman. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf


Various peoples in Oman use regional names such as Dhofari, which identifies them as being from the southern region of Oman, or Zanzibari, which identifies them as having close links with East Africa and at one time Zanzibar.

Government

Oman's type of government: According to our research engine:
Oman has a government which can be described as:
Monarchy


The leader: Oman is an absolute monarchy. The Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said has been the hereditary leader of the country since 1970. Sultan Qaboos is the longest-serving ruler in the Middle East.

How the leader is decided: The recent appointment of a number of women to leading policy making positions in the Arab Gulf State of Oman marks a significant departure from the traditionally exclusive male dominated decision‐making arena, and ushers an end to an era of exclusive patriarchal dominance in leadership positions. This study aims to shed light on this evolving phase of women's empowerment in Oman, and attempts to capture their traits, experiences and challenges as women leaders in conservative, male dominated work environments.

Economy

Money Amount: Probably poor because of the clothes that they wear.


The type of money that they use: Coins: Freq Used: bz5, bz10, bz25, bz50


Main Import/Export: Export: Crude Petroleum

Import:Refined Petroleum


Birth rate: 24.47 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.9%
male: 90.2%
female: 81.8% (2010 est.)

Drinking water source improved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 86.1% of population
total: 93% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 13.9% of population
total: 7% of population (2012 est.)

Culture

Clothing: traditional dress of Oman


Major Language: Arabic is the official language of Oman, and English is widely spoken in many areas.


Religion: The ministry recognizes the Protestant Church of Oman, the Catholic Diocese of Oman, the al Amana Center (interdenominational Christian), the Hindu Mahajan Temple, and the Anwar al-Ghubaira Trading Company in Muscat (Sikh) as the official sponsors for non-Muslim religious communities.

Food: The cuisine of Oman is a mixture of several staples of Asian foods. Dishes are often based on chicken, fish, and lamb, as well as the staple of rice. Most Omani dishes tend to contain a rich mixture of spices, herbs, and marinades.[1]

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Climate

General weather condition: The Climate of Oman can be described as subtropical dry, hot desert climate with low annual rainfall, very high temperatures in summer and a big difference between maximum and minimum temperatures, especially in the inland areas


Average Yearly rainfall: Summer (June to September) is very low rainfall. Daily maximum temperatures can reach easily 40°C or more. Winter is cooler with occasional rainfall. Spring and autumn are warm, mostly dry and pleasant, with maximum temperatures between 25°C and 35°C and cooler night Temperatures between 15 and 22°


Average yearly temperature:18°C 64°F.
Muscat: Annual Weather Averages. June is the hottest month in Muscat with an average temperature of 35°C (95°F) and the coldest is January at 21°C (70°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 13 in June. The wettest month is February with an average of 30mm of rain.

The mechanism of Rainfall variability in Oman was i

nvestigated using time

series of monthly precipitation as measured by a de

nse observational network. The

nationwide network of meteorological stations activ

e during the last four decades of the 20

th

century in Oman is characterized by different perio

ds of function. In this work we consider

only data from common windows, focusing on the peri

od 1984–2007, during which a large

number of measuring stations are available. Mean ch

aracteristics of the rainfall data were

investigated for 20 stations, and then variations o

f Oman's station normalized rainfall series

and spatial distribution of the normalized rainfall

index were analyzed. Reanalysis data was

used to investigate large-scale atmospheric propert

ies during the winter rainfall in the

northern of Oman and during the summer monsoon in t

he southern part. The data used in the

analysis were derived mainly from the NationalCente

r for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)

and the NationalCenter for Atmospheric Research (NC

AR) reanalysis project, which is

currently the most extensive data record available.

For the purpose of this study, five different

analyses were carried out (NCEP/NCAR analysis): sea

level pressure (SLP), geopotential

height (GPH), wind vectors, outgoing long wave radi

ation (OLR) and specific humidity.

These investigations have permitted to diagnose the

main atmospheric processes that govern

the rainfall variability in Oman.

Keywords

:

Rainfall variability, Oman, water resources

History

1.The researchers used radiocarbon dating techniques on pollen grains trapped in lake-bottom mud to establish vegetation over the ages of the Malawi lake in Africa, taking samples at 300-year-intervals. Samples from the megadrought times had little pollen or charcoal, suggesting sparse vegetation with little to burn. The area around Lake Malawi, today heavily forested, was a desert approximately 135,000 to 90,000 years ago.


2.In an effort to curb the Dhofar insurgency, Sultan Qaboos expanded and re-equipped the armed forces and granted amnesty to all surrendering rebels while vigorously prosecuting the war in Dhofar. He obtained direct military support from the UK, Iran, and Jordan. By early 1975, the guerrillas were confined to a 50-square-kilometer (19 sq mi) area near the Yemeni border and shortly thereafter were defeated.

Compare and Contrast

The clothing in our country is different because of ours being more advanced. The cultures can explain why. You see, the culture in Oman is Arabian, also meaning that it's still in it's ancient state, making it a very interesting place in world history