Griswold v Connecticut

Reagan Wilson

Summary

Griswold was a part of Planned Parenthood League of Connecticut in 1965. She and colleagues were convicted by the state of Connecticut for giving information and instruction regarding birth control to married couples.

Issue Before The Court

Does the Constitution protect the right of marital privacy against state restrictions on a couple's ability to be counseled in the use of contraceptives?

Constitutional Reference

Majority Opinion by William O. Douglas: Though the Constitution does not explicitly protect a general right to privacy, the various guarantees within the Bill of Rights create penumbras, or zones, that establish a right to privacy. Together, the First, Third, Fourth, and Ninth Amendments, create a new constitutional right, the right to privacy in marital relations. The Connecticut statute conflicts with the exercise of this right and is therefore null and void. ("Griswold v. Connecticut." Oyez. Chicago-Kent College of Law at Illinois Tech, n.d. Jan 10, 2016. <https://www.oyez.org/cases/1964/496> )


Penumbra- general shadow or idea, not strictly written

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Precedent

Griswold v Connecticut took the government out of the bedroom and redefined privacy in terms of the constitution and what role the government plays within a marriage. It was also a major leap for women's rights.

Historic Significance

The victory of Griswold in Griswold v Connecticut was a leap forward in America in regards to women's rights. It took the government out of the bedroom and clarified what privacy the constitution guaranteed.
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Significance Today

In recent years the supreme court has made more major decisions in regards to privacy in terms of the constitution. Griswold v Connecticut was a huge part of the foundation leading to the supreme court legalizing gay marriage. This again takes the government out of the bedroom, redefining privacy even farther.
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Future Significance

The supreme court has continued to piggyback off of this case and will continue t in the future because it was such a huge part of the ground work for how we define privacy from the government today. As time progresses I believe that privacy of home laws will too with the help and backing of the precedent that Griswold v Connecticut put into place.