Amazing Africa

African History Choice board

Colonization/Slave Trade

Colonization/ Slave Trade Quiz

1. Why did Europeans first take an interest in Africa?

2. What country started the the Transatlantic Slave trade?

3. What is imperialism?

4. Which countries were involved in the Berlin Conference?

5. What two countries were not colonized by Europe?

6. What impact did the Berlin conference have on the African continent?

7. What was the Middle Passage?

8. What was the Transatlantic Slave Trade ?

9. What is colonialism?

10. Why were Europeans interested in Africa after slavery ended?


1. They wanted to use the people there as slaves.

2. Portugal.

3. Imperialism is empire building by taking over other countries' governments, trade, and culture.

4. European Nations.

5. Liberia and Ethopia.

6. The Berlin Conference helped divide Africa.

7. The Middle Passage was the part of the Transatlantic Slave Trade where Africans were crowded into ships and transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the West Indies.

8. The Transatlantic Slave Trade was a famous trade between Europe, Africa and the Americas trading and transporting things such as ideas, goods, animals, and even people.

9. Colonialism is forced control of one nation by another nation.

10. Europeans were interested in Africa even after slavery ended because there was gold and other valuable resources in Africa. Also the Europeans wanted to expand their empire.

Nineteenth century News

Pan Africanism Movement and Nationalism

What is the Pan Africanism Movement?

It's the idea that people of Africa descent share a common history, culture, and experience, therefore they should work together throughout the world because of their common culture.

Around 200 years ago, during the 19th century, the Pan Africanism movement began with efforts to end slavery and the slave trade during the colonization of Africa. The result of this movement ended in the realization that it would benefit blacks to work together in an effort to end slavery, colonization, and racism and ideas to restore self-esteem, develop a continent-wide political identity, and encourage economic growth. The Pan Africanism movement led to independence because it led to the formation of the Organization of African Unity which helped solve problems such as conflict, colonialism, Apartheid, border disputes, and disagreements.

Nationalism is an intense pride of one's country. Nationalism led to independence in Kenya and Nigeria because they were controlled by the British. Kenya gained independence after thousands were killed by the fighting between the British and Mau Mau and in Nigeria the British spent more money in the south than the North causing an uproar. Nigerian student groups and politicians struggled non-violently with the British until independence was given in 1960.

21st century issues in africa

The Apartheid

Apartheid was a time in South Africa between 1948 and 1994 when the government made laws to discriminate against black people. The National Party ruled Africa during that time and made the laws. Everything, including medical care, education, and even the country's beaches were segregated by race. Apartheid did not end until Nelson Mandela was elected president.
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