Kingdoms of Africa

By Julianne Sulski

The Kingdom of Ghana

  • It was located in the upper Niger River valley, between the Sahara and tropical forests along the West Africa coast.
  • The government they had was with kings that were strong rulers who governed without any laws.
  • Their economy was based off of farming, iron ore, and gold.
  • The kingdom ended because it was weakened by the wars and collapsed in the 1100s.


The Kingdom of Mali

  • It was located in Atlantic coast, but it extends far inland to the famous city of Timbuktu.
  • The government they has was ruled by Sundiata Keita where he united the people of Mali and created a strong government for them.
  • Their economy was based off of gold, salt trade, but mostly farming (grains such as sorghum, millet and rice).
  • The kingdom ended because their civil war divided Mali.


The Kingdom of Songhai

  • It was located in the Niger River, south if the bend.
  • The government they has was ruled by a ruler named Kossi who converted to Islam and established the Dia dynasty.
  • Their economy was based off of gold and a variety of salt trade.
  • The kingdom ended because near the end of the 16th century, the forces of the sultan of Morocco occupied too much of Songhai