The Grammar Meltdown

Alysa's Guide to Grammar!

Table Of Contence

Comma Usage to Separate an Introductory Element

Comma Usage to Set Off the Words Yes and No

Comma Usage to Set Off a Tag Question

Comma Usage to Indicate Direct Address

Conjunctions

Correlative Conjunctions

Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Tense

Interjections

Perfect Verb Tenses

Prepositions

Punctuation of Items in a Series

Reference Materials

Rules for Titles

Verb Tenses

Abstract Nouns

Adverbs

Apostrophes in Contractions

Introduction

Do you struggle with grammar? Do you get confused when ever someone is talking about grammar? Well then keep reading, because I am here to save the day for you!

1. Comma Usage to Separate an Introductory Element

Examples:

If you want to learn how to ride a bike, then you must practice often.

Excited, the boy went on the roller coaster.

Once entering the kitchen, the girl heard a frightening sound.

2. Comma Usage to Set Off the Words Yes and No

Examples:

Yes, I would love to go with you.


No, I don't want to go to swim today.


Yes, I love ice cream.

No, I don't like the baseball games

3. Comma Usage to Set Off a Tag Question

Examples:

I said yes, didn't I?

Today is Saturday, isn't it?

I was right, wasn't I?

The movie was great, wasn't it?

I didn't see them here, did you?

4. Comma Usage to Indicate Direct Address

Examples:

Hello, this is my friend, Skyler.

Great Job, Brody.

You will be happy to know, Mr.McCoy, that you have been nominated for a job.

Lucy, How long have you lived here?

5. Conjunctions

Examples:

The movie was great but frightening. (words)

We could go meet at the mall in the morning or the night. (phrases)

The girl run to the finish line, and then rests at the finish line. (clauses)

6. Correlative Conjunctions

Examples:

Both my brother and sister like to run and swim.

You may choose either brownies or cookies.

Lucy want neither brownies nor cookies.

Branden didn't know whether he wanted to go to the pool or the playground.

Kacy not only wanted brownies but also cookies.

My dog is still as cute as when she was just a puppy.

7. Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Tense

Examples:

Incorrect: Yesterday we rode (past) the bus to school but walk (present) home.

Correct: Yesterday we rode (past) the bus to school but walked (past) home.

Incorrect: I liked (past) my teacher because she gives (present) me good grades.

Correct: I like (present) my teacher because she gives (present) me good grades.

8. Interjections

Examples:

Greeting/Farewell: Hi!, Hello!, Hey!, Bye!, Good-bye!

Filler: Uh-oh!, Hmm

Reaction: Yuck!, Ew!, Hooray!, Ouch!

In a dialogue: “Hey!” yelled Sarah when she saw her friend.

9. Perfect Verb Tenses

Example:

Present: I have gone to school every day this week.

Past: Angela had a ham sandwich for lunch.

Future: My class will have a math test today.


10. Prepositions

Examples:

I read a book during my visit to the library.

They waited for him beyond the bathroom.

I looked toward the sky and into the clouds.

Punctuation of Items in a Series

Examples:

I still need to take a test, write an essay, and check out a book.

I dislike spinach, broccoli, and cauliflower.

I like cookies, cake, and ice cream.

Rules for Titles

Examples:

The Little Mermaid

Beauty and the Beast

The Lion King

Verb Tenses

Examples:

Present (happening now): My teacher is giving us a spelling test today.

Past (happened already): I did my homework after school.

Future (will happen): I will move in the fall.

Abstract Nouns

Examples: