# Maglev trains

## Introduction to maglev trains

Imagine the fastest train in the world that floats or levitates a few inches off the track. Well, if you read this you are going to find out that the fastest train in the world called a Maglev train actually does levitate.

## Appearance

Maglev trains are the fastest trains in the world. They are comfortable and they have lots of room for the passengers. They are run by magnetism and they actually levitate. But the bad thing is they are very expensive because you have to lay out magnets all along the track. Also, because it’s a train, the magnets have to be very long so the train can go long distances.

## How do maglev trains levitate?

Maglev trains levitate because on the bottom of the train there are magnets. There’s two sides of magnets which are the north pole and the south pole. Imagine the south pole of the magnet is on the bottom of the train and on the track there is also the south side of a magnet. So, the two magnets repel each other creating a space under the train. And also Maglev stands for magnetic levitation.

## Speed, Movement, and Energy

A Maglev train’s fastest speed goes up to about 260 to 300 miles per hour (430 to 483 kilometres per hour). The ride is a lot more smoother because it is floating and there is no friction.

The way the trains increase and decrease speed is by putting more energy into the coils just like electromagnets i’ll explain this is also an experiment you can do at home you just need a small metal wire, a few small washers, a metal nail, and a D-cell battery. First you wrap the wire around the wire and then you touch the ends of the wire to the positive side of the battery and the negative side of the battery then you touch the small washer to the tip of the nail then it’ll probably stick.

The way maglev trains go forward or backwards is that there are coils lined up on the track in an order north pole south pole and so on and across from that is the opposite side of a magnet south pole north pole and so on. So they attract and make a magnetic field, then they get flipped or reversed north or south lined up on south and north so so the direction goes forward or backwards.

## Brief History of the Maglev Train

• In 1902, the first magnetic train was invented by Alfred Zehden of Germany.

• In 1959, the design for the first magnetic train was created.

• In 1979, first magnetic train was built in Hamburg, Germany but was closed months later.

• In 1984, the first train the people could ride was built in Birmingham, England.

• In 2004, the fastest Maglev that people can ride on was created in Shanghai, China

## Where are maglev trains used mostly?

In Europe

Denmark,Germany,Switzerland,

Spain, and in the UK (United Kingdom)

In Asia

China, India, Japan

Malaysia, and Hong kong

In North America

Puerto Rico and United States of America

## Conclusion

In the future if there are maglev trains all around the world there are good things and there are bad things. Let’s have the good news first. The good news is lots of people would get to loved ones faster, to get to work faster, and just to get other places faster. And the bad news is if there’s maglev trains in the future we would have to put down magnetic tracks that cost quite a lot of money.

Thank you so much for reading my article and below you can see good sites to find more info on maglev trains.

https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=2382

http://zcmaglevtrain.weebly.com/the-technology.html

## Glossary

• Levitate-Float off the ground

Verb

• Magnetism-A magnetic wave caused by two magnets with a south side and a north side

Noun

• Repel-Back away

Verb

• Coil-An electrical device consisting of a coiled wire, for converting the level of a voltage, producing a magnetic field.

Noun

Friction-The action of one surface or object rubbing against another

Noun