Citation Guide

MLA 9 Style Guide

MLA (Modern Language Association)


Title Page

In-text citations

Works Cited Page

Formatting the paper


Double-spaced 12-point font (Times New Roman recommended)

1" margins on all sides

8.5 x 11" paper

Page numbers should appear in the upper-right-hand corner of each page, with your last name and the page number, starting on the second page, like this:

Witherell 2

Formatting the first page

Use 12-point font; Times New Roman unless otherwise instructed.

At the left-hand margin, double-spaced, enter the following:

Your Name

Teacher's Name

Class Name

Day Month Year (7 November 2017)

Your Title Should be Centered (not bold, not underlined)

Begin writing two lines below your title

In-text citations

When you use an idea or quote from a source, give credit to the source by inserting the

author's last name and page number in parentheses, like this

(Witherell 22). If you quote the same source again without mentioning another

in between, simply cite the page number (37).

If you don't know the author's name, you may use the title, or a shortened version of the title, for your in-text citation. For example, if you quote from page 18 of an article entitled, "The Road to Seneca Falls," your citation will look like this ("Road to Seneca Falls" 18). If the article title is the first thing in your full citation, make sure the title is also in quotes when you enter it in your in-text citation.

"Direct quotes should be in quotation marks," (Witherell)

Indent: Long quotes should be indented from the left margin so that they stand out

Indent: from the rest of the body of your paper. They should be double-spaced, just as

Indent: the rest of your paper is, and have the identifying information of the author at

Indent: the end. Long, indented quotes should not have quotation marks. (p. 233)

Works Cited Page

  • Works Cited should begin on its own page, after the last page of your text and notes, so start a new page by centering the title, which should neither be underlined or in bold text.

  • The first citation should begin two spaces below the phrase Works Cited.

  • The entries should be arranged alphabetically by the author's last name. If there is no author listed, use the article or book title as the first word in the citation.

  • All citations should be in the hanging indentation format, where the first line begins at the left margin and the second line of the citation begins five spaces in from the left margin. All citations should be double-spaced.

  • The purpose of including works cited is so that another researcher (or your teacher) can find the exact source you were using. The important things to include are the Author, the Source (the thing you read or listened to for information), the container (the place where you found the source - so if you get an article from a website, the article is your source and the website is the container. Sometimes you have two containers, such as when you read an article from a newspaper that is reproduced in a database or website. In that case, you will have two containers to include in your citation. Include the URL for online sources, or the DOI if one is provided.

Works Cited

Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Article Title." Container (webpage, book, etc.).

INDENT 5 SPACES Publisher, 2010. url. Accessed 6 Nov. 2017. (Day Mon. Year format.)

"Zika Virus." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2 Nov. 2017.

INDENT 5 SPACES Accessed 6 Nov. 2017.

Schiff, Stacy. The Witches: Salem 1692. Little, Brown and Company, 2015.