Reform Movements (19th Century)

By Kayla Bend

Abolitionist Movement (1830s - 1870)

The ultimate goal of this movement was to free African-American Slaves.

Individuals such as Frederick Douglass, Nat Turner, and William Lloyd were dedicated to the cause of abolishing slavery. This movement took around 40 years.

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Women's Rights Reform (1800's)

Feminism: The advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men.

The Women's Right Reform was a movement to ultimately give both men and women equal rights. In 1848 more than 300 advocated participated in a Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York.

Leaders: Elizabeth Cody Stanton & Lucretia Mott


The Temperance Movement was a movement to reduce the use of alcohol. Alcohol was said to be the root of domestic violence, unemployment, etc. "Lips That Touch Liquor Shall Not Touch Ours".


Mental Health & Prison Reforms

Over crowded prisons, Mentally ill prisoners, regular prisoners, ANARCHY! Dorothea Dix wanted to create two separate facilities for mentally ill prisoners and "regular" prisoners.


The movement to improve public education and schools. Leaders of this reform established teacher training programs, as well as improve the curriculum.

Leader: Horace Mann