Fragile X Syndrome

HANDLE WITH CARE

What is it?

Fragile X Syndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disabilities. According to The National Fragile X Syndrome Foundation, Fragile X is defined as a genetic disorder that causes intellectual disability, behavior problems, learning challenges, and physical problems, most commonly in males. There are no exact number of cases known from Fragile X because it is often mistaken for other forms of autism, but it is estimated that 1 in every 5,000 males born, are born with the Fragile X gene.

The Fragile X Gene

The FMR1 gene is a mutation of the X chromosome causing Fragile X. Fragile X is more prevalent in males than in females. Women and men can be carriers of the gene and pass the gene down through several generations before a child is born with symptoms, this is called a premutation. Because males have only one X chromosome, it is likely to affect them more severely that females.

Symptoms:

Signs that a child might have Fragile X include:

  • Developmental delays (not sitting, walking, or talking at the same time as other children the same age)
  • Learning disabilities
  • Social and behavior problems (such as not making eye contact, anxiety, trouble paying attention, hand flapping, acting and speaking without thinking, and being very active)

Wanna know more? Check out these sites:

Here are the sites I used to get my information!


http://www.fragilex.org

http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fxs/index.html

About ME

I am a Junior at Western Carolina University. I am a Communication Sciences and Disorders major and right now I am focusing on learning disabilities in children. I made this flyer for my SPED 240 class to inform people about a learning disability that I have learned about in my research.