Opponents of the new deal

liberal critics

Liberals said that the new deal didn't do enough to help everyday people in tough straits. it didn't help the people with low income and unwealthy people.

Conservative critics

Conservatives said it was a step towards socialism. conservatives thought it was too social for america.
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demagogues

Hitler, Stalin, Tojo, and Mussolini are the famous demagogues. they didnt like the ideas of the new deal.

the supreme court

The new deal faced a lot of opposition from the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court took its stance from a legal viewpoint and in 1935 it effectively declared the National Recovery Administration (NRA) illegal. trying to destroy the new deal's program

24.05 Critics of the New Deal

Rise Of Unions

Formations of the C.I.O

One of the great conflicts within the labor movement existed between the craft unions and the industrial union When the American federation labor indicated reluctance to organize unskilled workers, John L. Lewis created the Committee for Industrial Organization within the AFL in 1935.

Strikes

There were some big strikes one being the Pullman strike. the pullman strike was crushed, but the fighting left 34 dead. Eugene Debs and his aides were arrested and spent six months in jail for ignoring the injunction. The Pullman strike represented the first time the government used an injunction to break a strike, which left many workers wary that an alliance between big business and the courts had become official.

Fair labor standards act

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed 121 bills.These bills was a landmark law in the Nation's social and economic development Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA). The depression-born FLSA survived.

Last phase of the new deal

Recession

President Roosevelt called a special session for Congress on October 12, 1937. They convened on November 15. He contended that it was best for the public interest and it was essential that Congress take immediate action: "The exploitation of child labor and the undercutting of wages and the stretching of the hours of the poorest paid workers in periods of business recession has a serious effect on buying power".

Weakened New Deal

There were at least two proposals submitted to Congress as options for another bill to replace the New Deal. Representative Robert Ramspeck of Georgia to head a subcommittee that would bridge the gap between the proposals. Ramspeck compromised portions of the bill which Perkins felt "contained the bare essentials she could support." The compromise kept the 40-cent per hour minimum wage and the maximum 40-hour workweek components. The bill excluded the need for an administrator which the previous bill provided. That portion of the bill was voted back to the committee by the House. In place of the administrator, the compromise allowed for a wage board that consisted of five-members. This compromise would be less powerful than the bill proposed by Black-Connery.

Life During the Depression

Women

During the Great Depression practically every woman, had to take a reductions in income regardless of her social status. The yearly median family income between 1935 and 1936 was $1160, which is approximately $20–25 a week. This budget was to cover food, rent, all clothes, and sometimes a rare treat like maybe going to the movies. Women bartered to obtain goods for their services or used practical strategies such as purchasing day-old bread or cooking several dishes at once to save gas by not using their oven as often.

Dust Bowl

Plains region of the United States suffered a severe drought. Once a semi-arid grassland, the treeless plains became home to thousands of settlers when, in 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act. Most of the settlers farmed their land or grazed cattle.

African Americans

During the Great Depression many of the African-Americans lived and worked on rural area farms that were owned by white landowners. Because African-Americans were so used to living in poverty they could barely recognize the difference before or after the Great Depression. When the white land owner lost their properties then the African-American population because to feel the affects of the Great Depression because they always relied on farming to supplement their tiny incomes.

Native Americans

They received no support from the government. Before the depression government wanted the native americans to mingle and blend in with the mainstream of canada. But during the depression they were urged to go back to their traditional ways of living off the land.

Mexican Americans

Found some stability in migrant work camps that the U.S. Farm Security Administration, or FSA established. These camps provided the basic necessities and also as protection from criminals that often took advantage of them.