VCR 6 Presentation

Joseph Kim

What is the word?

_________________ President Barack Obama ran for re-election against Republican Mitt Romney in the 2012 Presidential elections.
Big image

Incumbent

Noun
1. A person who holds an office or position.

Adjective
1. Already holding an office or position.
2. Required as a duty or obligation (often used with on).


(Sometimes, it is used in its literal meaning, which means "leaning" or "lying on".)

Roots

incumbo, incumbere, incubui, incubitum (Latin)- to recline

Synonyms

Noun:
1. Officeholder
2. Occupant
3. Official

Adjective:
1. Obligatory
2. Binding
3. Necessary

Antonyms

Noun:
1. Successor
2. Replacement
3. (Any word to show the person was not there before)

Adjective:
1. Unnecessary
2. Optional
3. Elective

Alternate form

Incumbency- noun- the holding of an office or the period during which one is held

Practice

1. The incumbent of the previous Senator was ten years, as she was elected to two full terms.
2. The incumbent mayor was not reelected when his corrupt bargains were revealed shortly before the election day.
3. It was incumbent for the officers to attend the meeting because they must set an example for the club members.
4. When Chase went to the Capitol, he sat down with an incumbent of the House of Representatives because he himself wanted to run for office one day.