7 Great Battles of the Civil War

War never changes

The Battle of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861: Though a bloodless war it was the beginning of what was to follow. Union troops were being bombarded by Southern warriors. They would ultimately force them out and South Carolina would take control.

The First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861: It was considered the first major land battle of the war and the first in which high casualty numbers were recorded. The battle resulted in a Confederate victory.

Battle of Hampton Roads

March 8, 1862: Also known as the Battle of the Ironclads, it was the first battle in which the enclosed ship known as an Ironclad was used in naval combat. They could not inflict any heavy damage on each other so soon they both withdrew. This battle would change the way the world viewed naval combat almost immediately.

Siege of Yorktown

April 5, 1862: The battle turned out to be a flop as neither side could gain additional ground, but it would be one of many in which the Confederates would be forced to fight back against the approaching Union armies.

Second Battle of Bull Run

August 28-30, 1862: This battle was lost by the Union due to poor tactics. With casualties stretching into the thousands the Confederate army pushed them back past Bull Run once again. It was a day many Union generals expected not to happen again.

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862: This battle would be one the bloodiest in the war. The Confederacy was poised to strike at the Union headquarters. After the Union repelled them it gave Lincoln the steam needed to issue the famous Emancipation proclamation, which made slavery illegal.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863: Gettysburg was made into the most famous of the war. It would become the greatest defeat the Confederacy had ever suffered and the bloodiest day of battle. General Lee made a rare mistake, underestimating the Union. Because of it they were pushed back. This battle would lead to many more defeats and the eventual surrender of Southern forces.