E, Auntie

by: Haley Kindvall

What to Know

General anesthetics are used during medical and surgical procedures that would be too painful to perform while the patient is awake. Anesthesia also makes the patient unconscious, but to a point where they are still breathing. The anesthesia also doesn't mess up your dreams or your memory.

The purpose of this lab is to know whether or not Aunt Elda died due to getting too much anesthesia during her procedure.


Gather these materials before starting: graduated cylinder, computer, food coloring, water, pipet, cuvette, colorimeter, Lab Pro Software

What to Use

Gather these materials before starting: graduated cylinder, computer, food coloring, water, pipet, cuvette, colorimeter, Lab Pro Software

Calorimeter

The Colorimeter monitors the light received by the photocell as either an absorbance or a percent transmittance. A higher concentration of the solution absorbs more light (and transmits less) than a solution of lower concentration (that transmits more).

Big image

Pipet

You can use a pipet to make get more precise measurement, while making your solution. For example, when we used the green food coloring as the solute in our solution; we couldn't use too much otherwise the solute would be too great a percentage to the solvent. If that were to happen, the solution could become incorrect.
Big image

Computer

You will need a computer to track and record your data throughout the lab. The colorimeter needs to be plugged into the computer in order for the data to transfer into the computer's Logger Pro software.
Big image

Graduated Cylinder

Use a graduated cylinder to measure out your mL of solutes and solvents to make your solution the correct percentages.
Big image

Cuvettes

Use a cuvette to pour the "anesthesia" solutions into, in order to test each different percentage solute in the colorimeter.
Big image

Procedure

1. Connect the Colorimeter to the computer interface. Prepare the computer for data collection by opening the file.

2. You are now ready to calibrate the Colorimeter. Prepare a blank by filling a cuvette 3/4 full with distilled water.To correctly use a Colorimeter cuvette, remember:

• All cuvettes should be wiped clean and dry on the outside with a tissue.

• Handle cuvettes only by the top edge of the ribbed sides.

• All solutions should be free of bubbles.

• Always position the cuvette with its reference mark facing toward the white reference mark at the top of the cuvette slot on the Colorimeter.

3.Calibrate the Colorimeter.

a. Open the Colorimeter lid.

b. Holding the cuvette by the upper edges, place it in the cuvette slot of the Colorimeter. Close the lid.

c. lf your Colorimeter has a CAL button, Press the < or> button on the Colorimeter to select a wavelength flasli. Then release the CAL button.

When the LED stops flashing, the calibration is complete. Proceed directly to Step 7. If your Colorimeter does not have a CAL button, continue with this step to calibrate your Colorimeter.

4. You are now ready to collect absorbance data for the standard solutions. Click “collect”

Empty the water from the cuvette. Rinse the cuvette twice with -1 mL water and then fill it 3/4 full with the first sample of 20%. Wipe the outside with a tissue and place it in the Colorimeter. After closing the lid, wait for the absorbance value displayed on

the monitor to stabilize. Then click keep Itype 20% in the edit box, and press the ENTER key. The data pair you

just collected should now be plotted on the graph. •

5. Discard the cuvette contents as directed by your teacher. Fill the cuvette 314 full with 40% sample. Wipe the outside, place it in the Colorimeter, and close the lid. When the absorbance value stabilizes, click I Keep I, type 40% in the

edit box, and press the ENTER key.

6. Repeat the steps until you have sampled all of the solutions. When you have finished press stop

7. In your Data and Calculations table, record the absorbance and concentration data pairs that are displayed in the table.

8. Examine the graph of absorbance vs. concentration.To see if the curve represents a direct relationship between these two variables, click the Linear Fit button,. A best.fit linear regression line will be shown for your five data points. This line should pass near or through the data points and the origin ofthe graph.(Note: Another option is to choose Curve Fit from the Analyze menu, and then select Proportional. The Proportional fit has a y·intercept value equal to 0; therefore, this regression line will always pass through the origin of the graph).

9. Rinse your Cuvette with water well and dry it the best that you can. Fill full with the unknown solution. Wipe the outside of the cuvette, place it into the Colorimeter, and close the lid. Read the absorbance value displayed in the

meter.(Important: The reading in the meter is live, so it is not necessary to click “collect” to read the absorbance

value.) When the displayed absorbance value stabilizes, record its value in the Data and Calculations table.

10. Discard the solutions down the sink. Proceed directly to Steps 1 and 2 of Processing the Data.

Percent Solutions

To create a percent solution, we first had to make sure the cuvettes and and the dropper is cleaned. After this step is completed, you need to combine the green food coloring solute with the water which would be the solvent to be a total of 10 mL and make sure the solution total percentage equals 100. If you want 20% solution, you put 2 mL (20%) of green food coloring (anesthesia) and 8 mL (80%) of water. The green food coloring acts as the solute and the water acts as the solvent.

Vocab

Concentration: In chemistry, concentration is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture. Several types of mathematical description can be distinguished: mass concentration, molarconcentration, number concentration, and volume concentration.

Transmittance: If no light is absorbed, the absorbance is zero (100% transmittance). Each unit in absorbance corresponds with an order of magnitude in the fraction of light transmitted. For A = 1, 10% of the light is transmitted (T =0.10) and 90% is absorbed by the sample.

Absorbance: Absorbance Spectrum. The extent to which a sample absorbs light depends strongly upon the wavelength of light. For this reason, spectrophotometry is performed using monochromatic light. Monochromatic light is light in which all photons have the same wavelength.

The Data

This graph scientifically proves the data we collected and Beers Law was proven. The Beer's Law states that the quantity of light absorbed by a substance dissolved in a fully transmitting solvent is directly proportional to the concentration of the substance and the path length of the light through the solution. In my data, we tested the different anesthesia solutions and saw how when the concentration percentage increased, the absorbency also increased with it. (that is proved in the graph below) Although, in the data, the transmittance drops as the concentration increases.
Big image
Big image

Conclusion

To sum up this lab, we figured out why Aunt Elda died was not due to an error by her anesthesiologist. The solution at the time we considered "unknown" was read in the colorimeter and showed up that the solution was 30%. We can conclude that the anesthesia did not kill Aunt Elda because the normal amount of anesthesia that must be used in procedures has to be under 40%, and the anesthesia that we used was 30%. It wasn't above the normal amount used.
Big image

RIP AUNT ELDA

R I P to the aunt you used to be, your anesthesia testing days are over, your days are overrrrr