Health Concerns of Middle Childhood

Reghan Polimeni

Hearing

  • Ear infections can be a health concern
  • If left untreated can cause permanent hearing loss
  • Awareness of mid range sounds develop first
  • Followed by high and low range sounds
  • By age 11 most kids have the auditory awareness of adults
  • The Eustachian tube has changed position
  • This change helps prevent fluid from the mouth going into the ear
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Vision

  • By age six kids are ready to read
  • They can see an object with both eyes at the same time
  • Their ability to focus improves
  • Many preschool children are farsighted
  • Throughout middle childhood, nearsightedness is most common
  • 25% of kids will need to have their vision corrected by the end of school years
  • It is important to have vision checked regularly
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Teeth

  • During middle childhood, kids begin losing baby teeth
  • The first teeth to fall out are central incisors
  • By the age of 12, all primary teeth will be replaced with permanent teeth
  • Tooth loss can have a psychological effect on some kids
  • A common health problem for school-age children is tooth decay
  • Children with poor dental hygiene are more likely to get cavities
  • A diet high in sugar can also cause cavities
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Obesity

  • Obesity affects about 25% of school-age children
  • Being obese can seriously impact a child's emotional health
  • For some kids, the tendency to be obese is inherited
  • Some children overeat due to family stress
  • Children's eating habits can be affected by abuse, death of a family member, alcoholism, or divorce
  • Many children are obese due to physical inactivity
  • These children may need help overcoming emotional problems
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