By Megan Clifford


Greece joined the European Union in 1981. They had city-states then were conquered by Philip of Maceodonia in 338 BCE. They became an independent nation in 1991.


The government is a presidental parliamentary republic. The president is the head of state and they have a 5 year term and may hold a second term. All citizens over the age of 18 have the right to vote. All the other elected representatives are elected in a 4 year term.


Greece has over 2,000 islands in the Aegean and Ionian seas and only 165 inhabited. 80% of Greece's terrain is mountainous. They have a lot of natural resources, including petroleum and marble. They also have severe earthquakes. The coastal areas are densely populated.

Capitol and Major Cities

Athens is the Capitol of Greece and the largest city with many historical monuments. Major cities of Grece include Piraeus, Thessaloniki, Heraklion, and Volos all with many tourist sites to visit.


Interesting Facts

  • The official name of Greece is Hellenic Republic
  • The population as of 2011 was around 11 million
  • Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 8,498 miles long
  • Greece is one of the most mountainous regions in Europe
  • The Olympic Games originated in Greece


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  • "Fun Greece Facts for Kids - Interesting Information about Greece." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.