Government

By Rachael

Federation

In the 1890s each colony would sent a representative to a special meeting called conventions, to try and agree how to form a bigger and new federation. Until the delegates agreed on a rule from federal system and a draft constitution. In 1900 Australia called the parliament the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act which came into to effect in 1901 1 of January.

The colonies of new south wales, Victoria , Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania unit and became states of Australia. Western Australia was not a party to the agreement but it was also so agreed to join the federation before 1 January 1901.


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THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT

Representatives are elected from federal and state/territory in each parliament there are local council .All Australians have someone represent them at each level of government.


The federal government has big national powers. Governments of state/territory have a power look for laws but not covered by the federal government.

Wers of local councils are by acts of parliaments and including a responsibility for rubbish collection, local roads and pest control.

All the levels of government raisers money by collecting taxes and by paying for services providing from Australia.Also local government receives some money from a federal government.

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Making Laws

The main business of parliament is to make laws. When a new law comes in they call it a bill. Bill are normally in the house of representatives. First the bill is told to every one have a meeting about it . Changes may be made after the meeting is over. Than all the members vote for or against the bill. If the vote goes through it goes to the house of parliament. Sometimes the bill gets sent back to be changed and you mite have to change it again. Than the bill is called and act of parliament. than the governor-general sign it and it become an law that Australia obeys .

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The Senate

The other house of parliament is called the senate. People from each state, northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory vote for 12 people as the senate. The chamber in the parliament house is where the senates meets is all decorated in red. The government representative sit at the left of the horse shoe and the opposition sits on the right. The main chair in the middle the presidents of the senates sits and the presidents from the senates is in charge of the meetings

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The House of Representatives

Australia is shared up into places called electorates. For each electorates there are one seat for the house of representatives . Each of the electorates as about most of the same number of house of representatives.


At all the elections the people how live in the electorates vote for a person to go to parliament to speck in front of them. Then they elect the person to get the seat in the house of representatives.


Most people who go for elections are members of different groups or parties. The most members who get elected from the party goes to the house of representatives become the government and then the leader becomes the prime minister of that country.

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PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES

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Most members of parliament are excepted minsters to serve for parliamentary committees .

Some of these committees are made up of six to 10 members of the government. Most committees may be made up of senators or members of the house of representatives or may be establish as joint committees which includes members of both houses of parliament.


One rule of the parliament is to make laws for the nation. Members of Parliament can vote to be appointed a committee to take on this role. A committee may have weeks or even months to make a closer look at the issue.

Committees hearings are usually formal meetings of the parliament . Submissions and hearings are published in the Hansard and are available on the parliament house website .