U.S History Vocabulary

by Martin Rojas

Spoils System

Jackson was president and fired about 20% of his federal officials and hired his supporters to help him during the election 1828. This is known as the Spoils System.

He is pushing the heads down of the people he has fired and doesn't need anymore.

He has his hat full of papers bribing his supporters.

He wants to hire his supporters to help him win the election.

"Spoils System • Images Video Information". 2016. Images Video Information. Accessed September 16 2016. http://sciencepole.com/spoils-system/.

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Pendleton Act

This law allowed the president to decide which federal jobs would be filled in.

They support the spoils system to fill in the government jobs with their supporters.

"You can't keep an organization together without patronage," he declared. "Men ain't in politics for nothin'. They want to get somethin' out of it."

"Digital History". 2016.Digitalhistory.Uh.Edu. Accessed September 16 2016. http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=3&psid=1098.

"American Revolution - Bingo For Patriots". 2016. Bingo For Patriots. Accessed September 16 2016. http://www.bingoforpatriots.com/american-history/american-revolution/.

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Party of Morality

The republicans were also seen as the party of reform because they supported abolition, temperance, and other reforms.

Interstate Commerce Commission

This act was the first federal law designed to regulate interstate commerce for railroads. It helped limit the rates of the railroads.

Sherman Antitrust Act

A collection of federal and state government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers.

It has certain rules for the business competition so business won't go bankrupt.

"Every person who shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any other person or persons, to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof; shall be punished by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both said punishments, in the discretion of the court."

"Primary Document: The Sherman Anti-Trust Act". 2016. Faculty.Washington.Edu. Accessed September 16 2016. http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/documents_us/sherman_anti-trust_act.htm.

"Our Documents - Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)". 2016. Ourdocuments.Gov. Accessed September 16 2016. https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=51.

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The movement to increase farmers political power and to work for legislation in their interest.

The Grange

Kelley founded the nation’s first national farm organization, the Patrons of Husbandry, better known as the Grange.

16th Amendment

Allows the federal (United States) government to levy (collect) an income tax from all Americans.

In April 8th, 1913 they passed the 16th Amendment of people having to pay for taxes.

"The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."

Amendment, 16th and President Amendment. 2016. "16Th Amendment".Usconstitutionday.Us. Accessed September 16 2016. http://www.usconstitutionday.us/p/1.html.

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William Jennings Bryan

A former member of Congress from Nebraska, was only 36 years old when the Democrats and Populists nominated him for president.

Jim Crow Laws

The statutes enforcing segregation

This states how even though they're a different race but born in the U.S means they have the right of the U.S Citizenship.

"All persons born or naturalized in the U.S. were citizens for the nation and no state could make or enforce any law that would abridge their rights of citizenship."

"Jim Crow And Segregation - Primary Source Set | Teacher Resources - Library Of Congress". 2016. Loc.Gov. Accessed September 17 2016. http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/civil-rights/.

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Ida B. Wells

An African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist. She strived for African-American justice.

17th Amendment

United states senators are elected by the people of their states.

Expressing what the 17th Amendment of how it works by letting the people pick for their state.

The 17th Amendment brought money to the united states by the people o their state picking who would be their senator.

Everyone's vote is counted to pick the best senator for their state in the united states.

BAGLEY, PAT. 2016. "Bagley Cartoon: 17Th Amendment". The Salt Lake Tribune. Accessed September 16 2016. http://www.sltrib.com/opinion/3577987-155/17th-amendment.

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18th Amendment

The prohibition of the consumption of Alcohol and it took effect in 1919, but failed.

People arguing that they want beer because it had been prohibited from it being sold, and transported.

Everyone was gathered up and was protesting for them to bring back the right of drinking beer.

Gangsters and criminals became rich by selling alcohol that they managed to get into the town.

"18Th, 21St, 19Th, And 26Th". 2016.Amendments. Accessed September 16 2016. http://emraashley.weebly.com/18th-21st-19th-and-26th.html.

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19th Amendment

Every men and women are created equally, and should be treated the same. Equal voting rights. (Passed in 1920)

Women's were treated very different from men and they have qualified to be equal.

The ladies quit suffering after the 19th Amendment because now they are given the right to vote.

The women's walking downtown to show that they need everyone's help and support to give them equal rights like the men.

Loomis, Erik. 2016. "19Th Amendment Voting - Lawyers, Guns & Money".Lawyers, Guns & Money. Accessed September 16 2016. http://www.lawyersgunsmoneyblog.com/2016/09/19th-amendment-voting.

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A factory that burnt down in 1911 that killed 145 workers. Most of the victims died because of safety issues. Doors wouldn't unlock properly and the main workers were immigrants