Judaism-What you need to know
Place of worship
Jews go to a synagogue for worship and prayers. They must follow Yahweh's laws, including 10 commandments.
Traditions and Sacraments
Some can only eat kosher foods- No pork, shellfish, or mixing of meat products.
A bar or bat mitzvah at age 13.
The leader of worship for Jews is called a Rabbi which is a teacher of Torah; or a guide.
Followers are called...
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) make up the Torah. The Torah contains the basic laws of Judaism and describes the history of the Jews until the death of Moses Jewish tradition says that God told Moses what to write in the Torah, which is also called the Five Books of Moses.
The Torah (using the article) is the Holy Book of Judaism and is comprised of first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy). They are also called The Pentateuch.
The holy city for the Jews is called Jerusalem
The Torah specifies a single date on the Jewish calendar for observance of holidays. Nevertheless, festivals of Biblical origin other than Shabbat and Yom Kippur are observed for two days outside of the land of Israel, and Rosh Hashanah is observed for two days even inside the land of Israel.
Teachings and Beliefs
A summary of what Jews believe about God
- God exists.
- There is only one God.
- There are no other gods.
- God can't be subdivided into different persons (unlike the Christian view of God)
- Jews should worship only the one God.
- God is Transcendent
- God doesn't have a body
- God created the universe without help.