Sahara Desert

By: Zharick, Jorge, Yaksi, and Oscar

The Sahara Desert and Its Cultures

Climate And Seasonal Weather

  • Hot and extremely dry today, it is believed that the Sahara Desert has undergone various climatic shifts for the last few hundred thousand years.

Average Temperature

  • The mean temperature of the Sahara Desert is over 30 ºC (86 ºF).

Annual Rainfall

The annual rainfall in the Sahara is below 2.5 cm (25 mm) per year.

Animals that live in the Sahara Desert

Some of the animal species found within the Sahara are the:

  • Rattlesnake
  • Sand fox
  • Sand lark
  • Scorpion
  • Secretary bird
  • Slender mongoose
  • Snake, ex: cobra, viper
  • Spotted hyena


Some plants that are naturally here are the Date palms, Tamarisks and Acacia. In the more arid areas, the seeds of flowering plants spread out quickly after a rain, putting down shallow roots, and producing seeds before the soil dries out.

ADAPTATIONS: cactus is one of a few plants able to survive in harsh conditions. TheSpikes pricked around the cactus has a very useful purpose for storing water into the skin.

Animal Adaptations

An example would be the Camel. The camel has thick, leathery lips that enable it to eat spiky plants like cactus. Eating cactus allows it to have more moisture in its body which would keep the camel going for about 1 week to a few months depending on the weather.

The camel’s hooves allowing them to spread their weight evenly and not sink into the sand.

Another example would be the Fox. Their adaptations are its huge ears. They use this to cool down body heat on boiling days. They also have extra fur on the soles of their feet which helps them grip onto loose sand when running. The color of the fur helps reflect heat and provide camouflage to the sandy landscape.


The Sahara's dune fields cover only about 15 percent of the entire desert's surface in the countries of Algeria and Libya. Most sand dunes are sculpted by wind and gravity.

Sahara Desert