Russian Revolution

The Bolshevik Revolution

Why and How the Russian Revolution started?

The revolution started because no one in Russian was satisfied with the Tsar. He wasn't very good at ruling and many soldiers were dying in WWI. He went on the front to try and help his soldiers, but he only made it worse. The soldiers weren't given enough training, medical care, weapons, or even food. Also Russia's economy was very undeveloped compared to other countries. The people were tired of his rule and forced him to abdicate. Finally Lenin and his Bolshevik party take control of Russia and become the new government. Civil War then erupted between the Red Army (fighting for communism) and the white army (those who wanted the rule of the Tsar to continue). The Red Army won since it gained all of the support.

Important People and Important Event's

Vladimir Lenin,Tsar Nicholas II, Grigory Rasputin, Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky.

Nicholas abdicates
The July Days, an abortive Bolshevik takeover
Kerensky takes control of provisional government
Kornilov Affairs
Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko leads the storming of the Winter Palace
First Bolshevik decrees, on bread and land
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, withdrawing Russia from WWI
Mensheviks banned

Effects of the Russian Revolution

  • The government is taken over by the Bolshevik Party, led by V. I. Lenin; later, it

will be known as the Communist Party.

  • Farmland is distributed among farmers, and factories are given to workers.
  • Banks are nationalized and a national council is assembled to run the economy.
  • Russia pulls out of World War I, signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, conceding

much land to Germany.

  • Czarist rule ends. Nicholas II, his wife and five children are executed.
  • Civil war, between Bolshevik (“red”) and anti-Bolshevik (“white”) forces, sweeps
  • Russia from 1918 to 1920. Around 15 million die in conflict and the famine

The Russian economy is in shambles. Industrial production drops, trade all but

ceases, and skilled workers flee the country.

  • Lenin asserts his control by cruel methods such as the Gulag, a vast and brutal

network of prison camps for both criminals and political prisoners.

Final result of the Russian Revolution

The immediate result of the Russian revolution was the overthrow of the Provisional Government. Another important outcome included the final withdrawal of Russia from World War 1. They also had to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and handing over large areas of the old Tsarist Empire to German control in March 1918.

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