Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
By: Ally Ringeisen
For some people the pencil on the left would annoy them because it isn't in line with the rest of the objects.
This picture would bother some people because the lines don't match up.
Some people would get really aggravated because the green M&M is with the orange M&Ms.
Causes and Risks of OCD:
- OCD might have a genetic component- an issue with your genes.
- Result of a change in your body whether its the chemistry or brain functions.
- Infections are suggested to be the start of OCD as well.(2)
- Inbalances of brain chemicals (serotonin) may be a cause. (3)
- Family History- having parents or close family relatives that suffer from OCD can increase the chances of developing OCD.
- Stressful events- if you have been a part of stressful life events or tend to react negatively towards stress your chance of getting OCD will also increase.(2)
Prevalence of OCD:
How OCD is Diagnosed:
Many steps are taken to diagnose OCD.
- Physical Exam- preformed to rule out problems that could be causing your symptoms.
- Lab tests- complete blood count, drug and alcohol screening, and to check the functioning of your thyroid.
- Psychological Evaluation- a doctor or mental health provider will talk to you about your thoughts and feelings, etc. They may also want to talk to your family and friends to gather more information.
To be diagnosed with OCD you have to have all of the following symptoms:
- Have obsessions, compulsions, or both
- Have significantly time consuming obsessions or compulsions that interfere with your daily routine or work.
- Have reoccurring thoughts, actions, impulses that cause distress.
- Try to ignore these thoughts, actions, impulses, but make up for them with compulsive actions.
- Repetitive behavior that HAS to be preformed: such as washing your hands.
- Efforts to neutralize your behavior with other thoughts or actions.
- Behaviors or actions that are meant to help the problem, lessen the stress, but are irrelevant to the problem.(2)
OCD treatment doesn't always result in a cure, but most of the time it helps the anxiety and stress caused.
- Psychotherapy- the most effective treatment- gradually exposes you to your feared object or obsession. Helps teach you ways to cope with anxiety.
- Medications- certain psychiatric medications that help control obsessions and compulsions. Anti-depressants are normally used first. (5)
Facts about OCD:
Howie Mandel has OCD- he has a fear of germs.
David Beckham has OCD- he has to have pairs or he feels uncomfortable.
The main compulsion of people suffering from OCD is washing hands.
The main obsession that people do not want is contamination- ex: body fluids, sexually transmitted diseases, environmental contaminants, etc.
(1)-Myers, D. G. (n.d.). Exploring psychology in modules.
(2)-Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013, August 09). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocd/basics/definition/con-20027827
(3)-Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)-Cause. (2014, November 14). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/tc/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd
(4)-Fogel, J. (n.d.). An Epidemiological Perspective of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2538471/
(5)-Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml