Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland

Disease Identification

Goiters is a condition in which the thyroid gland grows larger. This is most often caused by the lack of iodine in one's diet or when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones for the body's needs. Types of goiters include simple, endemic, and sporadic.
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This picture compares the size of a regular thyroid gland with an enlarged one caused by goiters.



Goiters affects the thyroid gland which is located in the neck. This causes the body to have trouble swallowing and breathing. When the thyroid gland has a lack of hormones, it tries to make up for this shortage by growing larger.
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This picture shows what goiters can look like if not treated quickly.



Symptoms of this disease include swelling of the neck, dizziness, agitation, tightness in the throat area, and fatigue.
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The differences between a healthy thyroid and one with goiters is presented in this picture.



One can treat goiters with medication, radioactive iodine treatment, biopsy, or surgery.

"Because iodine is added to table salt in the United States and other countries, this type of goiter usually does not occur in these countries."

By: Phillip Canis