Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland
Goiters is a condition in which the thyroid gland grows larger. This is most often caused by the lack of iodine in one's diet or when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones for the body's needs. Types of goiters include simple, endemic, and sporadic.
Goiters affects the thyroid gland which is located in the neck. This causes the body to have trouble swallowing and breathing. When the thyroid gland has a lack of hormones, it tries to make up for this shortage by growing larger.
Symptoms of this disease include swelling of the neck, dizziness, agitation, tightness in the throat area, and fatigue.
One can treat goiters with medication, radioactive iodine treatment, biopsy, or surgery.