Phosphorus

Owen Shelmadine

Who Found Phosphorous

Hennig Brand found Phoshorus in 1669 in Hamiburg, Germany preparing it from urine.

Brand called the substance he had discovered cold fire because it was luminous , glowing in the dark

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Facts about Phosphorus

Phosphorus symbol is P

Atomic number is 15.

The Atomic mass is 30.973762.

Number of Protons Neutons and Electrons

Protons:15

Electrons:15

Neutrons:16

The place on the Periodic table

It's group is the non-metal.

Location is period 3

It's family 15

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Where it is found in nature

The phosphate in fertilizers and manure is initially quite soluble.

The main role of phosphorus is to transfer energy in living things.

Physical properties

Phosphorus exists in at least three allotropic forms. Allotropes are forms of an element with different physical and chemical properties. The three main allotropes are named for their colors: white phosphorus (also called yellow phosphorus), red phosphorus, and black phosphorus (also called violet phosphorus).

Chemical Properties

Phosphorus combines easily with the halogens. The halogens are the elements that make up Group 17 (VIIA) of the periodic table. They include fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. For example, the reaction between phosphorus and chlorine is:

Phosphorus also combines with metals to form compounds known as phosphides:


White phosphorus combines with oxygen easily that it catches fire automatically. As a safety precaution, white phosphorus is stored under water in chemical laboratories

Website Sources

"Chemistry Explained." Phosphorus, Chemical Element. Http://www.chemistryexplained.com, 16 Dec. 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.



"The Nature of Phosphorus in Soils." : Nitrogen : University of Minnesota Extension. Http://www.extension.umn.edu, 18 Dec. 2. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/nutrient-management/phosphorus/the-nature-of-phosphorus/>



"Chemical Elements.com - About This Site." Chemical Elements.com - About This Site. 12 Dec. 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.chemicalelements.com/sup/about.html>.


"Phosphorus Element Facts." Chemicool. 17 Dec. 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.chemicool.com/elements/phosphorus.html>.


"Phosphorus." Pictures, Stories, and Facts about the Element in the Periodic Table. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.periodictable.com/Elements/015/index.html>.