Iran Hostage Crisis

By: Ella Porter and Amanda Mull

Who

  • Iranian students
  • President Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi
  • American hostages
  • President Jimmy Carter

When and Where

  • November 4, 1979
  • Tehran

Why

  • Iran students didn't like the leadership of their president

What

  • The Iran students broke into the American embassy in Tehran and took 66 hostages.
  • It effected the political and diplomatic landscape between the U.S. and Iran for decades.

How

  • Though the USSR wasn't involved much, it did affect the balance of international relations and positions in global affairs.
  • Jimmy Carter lost the next presidential election.
  • The U.S. and Iran's relations were forever colored by the event.

Timeline

  • 1978 - Shah authoritarian rule caused riots
  • January 16, 1979 - Shah flees Iran to Egypt
  • November 4, 1979 - Date of Iran hostage crisis
  • November 5, 1979 - Iranian government cancels military treaties that would allow intervention from the U.S. and Soviet Union.
  • November 7, 1979 - President Jimmy Carter sends former Attorney General Ramsay Clark and Senate Intelligence Committee staff director William Miller to Iran to negotiate the release of the hostages. The release of the hostages was refused.
  • January 20, 1981 - The remaining 52 U.S. hostages are released and flown to the Wresbaden Air Base in Germany.

Works Cited

"Iran Hostage Crisis Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 13 May 2016.

History.com Staff. "Iran Hostage Crisis." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2010. Web. 13 May 2016.