By Caleb Choi of the Greek Gazette
The Spartans Beat The Persians
With The Help Of The Athenians
Some battles were the Battle of Thermopylae, the Battle of Marathon, the Battle of Plataea, and the naval battles on the sea. The Athenians ruled the sea and the Spartans had no match on land. The Athenians easily defeated the Persians at sea, however the Spartans took a loss at the Battle of Thermopylae. The odds were very stacked against them it was like 100 to 1 and the battle was too taxing on the Spartans and they lost. However their death was not in vain for the Greeks won the war!
Sparta Is Victorious Once Again!
The Peloponnesian War started in 431 BC and the 9 years after were called the Archidamios War. Fighting between both sides eventually led to the Athenians retreating behind walls. However disease became spread quickly and the Spartans destroyed the local food supply so hunger was a big part as well. Eventually after 28 long years the Spartans won!
This is what a typical solider would dress like with his armor, shield, and spear.
Map of Greece
If you look close you can see where the great city of Sparta is located.
Spartans vs. Athenians
This is what is believed to be what the battle might have looked like.
New Tools/Weapons For Combat!
New weapons like the Aspis, a large round shield that was made of bronze. The Xiphos was a short sword that was leaf-shaped to be thrusted into the body. And the Doru which was a long spear with a spiked end which was optimized for battle. These inventions helped the Spartans get an upper-hand on battles and helped them to win many wars.
Sparta And Athens
There were obviously many differences between the two. The Athenians' religion was Attica where the Spartans' religion was Laconia. The Athenians used a democratic form of government and the Spartans used an oligarchic form of government. The Spartans didn't rely on trading however the Athenians did. In Sparta women were taught to read and write but in Athens the women were taught house skills.