Comanches in Texas

By Adi Chintalapudi

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Section 1 - Push factors

The Comanche had territory in the Rocky Mountains and around the 1600s and then moved eastward into Wyoming and Nebraska. At the end of the 17th century they were warring with other tribes. Eventually the Cheyennes and the Sioux pushed them into Texas.

Section 2 - Pull Factors

The Comanche came to Texas because they couldn't hold off both the Cheyennes and the Sioux and had to flee to Texas to survive. Once they arrived in Texas they took advantage of their superior skill and expanded their borders by attacking the tribes around them. They settled in northeast Texas and in the plains hence the name lords of the plains.

Section 3 - Culture highlight

The Comanches had many activities. Originally the Comanche stole horses to use but over time it became a game and they would steal from all their Anglo neighbors. The Comanche diet was made up of mostly buffalo, but they did eat roots, fruits, vegetables, and occasionally some horse. The Comanches forbade cannibalism and the eating of dogs. The Comanches did have a religion and they believed in good and bad spirits. The first pipe smoke would be for the great spirit. They also had their own form of a sun dance which they performed throughout the year.

Section 4 - Significant individual

In May 1836 a few months after the fall of the Alamo, 500 Comanche warriors went to Fort Parker, which is about 100 miles south of whats now Dallas. The Comanches came there with a false desire for peaceful trade and ended up killing 5 men and capturing 5 women and children. One of those children was Cynthia Ann Parker. She spent most of the rest of her life with the Comanches and married the chief Peta Nocona. Their child was half Native American and half Anglo. The child's name was Quanah Parker. Quanah Parker birth is disputed between being 1845 or 1852 but he went on to becoming a Comanche chief. Quanah joined the Quahadis band and was never actually appointed leader by his people, when the Natives settled in reservations Quanah was appointed chief by the Anglos. In the reservation Quanah worked to unite the Comanche bands.

Section 5 - Trivia

Q - Were the once part of another tribe or were they always their own tribe?
Q - Did the Comanche have horses?

Q - Which tribe in Texas were the Comanche enemies with?

Q - Which 2 tribes drove the Comanche out of their original home?

Q - Were the Comanche Cannibals?

Q - Which state holds the most Comanche today?

Section 6 - Analaysis on effect of Comanche in Texas

The Comanche were in Texas when it was still owned by Spain and when it was owned by Mexico. The Comanche being in Texas was one reason people from Mexico didn't want to live in Texas. When the empresario system was in place all of the empresarios tried to get land as far away from the Comanche and were given cannons from Mexico to use on the Comanche (even though they actually used on Mexico). When Texas was a republic the Comanche were comfortable under Sam Houston's presidency but when Lamar was in office Lamar did everything he could to get the Native Americans out of Texas. The Comanche often stole horses from the Texans. Today a population of about 10,000 Comanche live in Oklahoma. The Comanche have come a long way since the 1800s and have their own government, teachers, hospitals, doctors, and police system. Many Comanche have adapted to the western style of living and many Comanche get a higher education outside of their tribe.

Section 7 - Analaysis on if Texas is better off with the Comanche

The Comanche were one of the main reasons not many Mexicans were getting up and moving into Texas. The Comanche threatened anyone living in Texas and enjoyed stealing horses from Texans. Mexico gave Texas cannons to use on the Comanche. This helped Texas because in the revolution they used these cannons on the Mexicans instead of on the Comanche. In the end the Comanche had a negative effect because they always raided and kidnapped people, even though the Comanche were there first.

Section 8 - Bibliography

Works Cited

"Battle of Plum Creek." Battle of Plum Creek. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Biography." Quanah Parker. 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Comanche." Comanche. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Comanche Lodge." Comanche Lodge. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Elder Chili Meal and Garage Sale." The Official Site of the Comanche Nation ~ Lawton, Oklahoma. 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Find A Grave - Millions of Cemetery Records and Online Memorials." Find A Grave - Millions of Cemetery Records and Online Memorials. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Hugh McLeod's Report on the Council House Fight, March 20, 1840." Hugh McLeod's Report on the Council House Fight, March 1840. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Kiowa Comanche Apache Reservation." Kiowa Comanche Apache Reservation. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"PARKER, QUANAH." HOSMER, BRIAN C. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

"Quanah Parker/Peyote." Quanah Parker/Peyote. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.