How Group 15 Elements Bond

How N, P, As, Sb, and Bi bond with others

N- Nitrogen

Nitrogen forms strong bonds because of its ability to form a tripple bond with itself as well as other elements, and has 5 valence electrons in its outer shell. Nitrogen's atomic radius is at 56 pm, ionic radius at 3 pm, has a low reactivity, and an electronegativity of 3.04

P- Phosphorus

Phosphorus is able to form very strong bonds with the ability to form a diatomic molecule containing tripple bonds. Phosphorus' atomic radius is 98 pm, ionic radius at 35 pm, is a highly reactive nonmetal, and has an electronegativity of 2.19

As- Arsenic

Arsenic is toxic and is only found in small amounts, but often bonds with Oxygen. Oxygen's atomic radius is 114 pm, ionic radius at 46 pm, is highly reactive, and has an electronegativity of 2.18

Sb- Antimony

Antimony normally forms covalent bonds with other elements, and doesn't react in the absense of Oxygen. Antimony has an atomic radius of 133 pm, ionic radius at 62 pm, is especially reactive when mixed with any one of the Halogens, and has an electronegativity of 2.05

Bi- Bismuth

Bismuth is the heaviest stable element, but forms bonds with many others due to its natural dimagnetism. Bismuth has an atomic radius of 143 pm, ionic radius at 74 pm, is quite reactive towards acids to form different types of salts, and has an electronegativity of 2.02