In 1994, Rwanda’s population it contained three ethnic groups: Hutu (about 85%), Tutsi (14%) and Twa (1%). In the early 1990s, Hutu extremists in Rwanda’s political force blamed the whole Tutsi population for the country’s increasing social, economic, and political pressures. Habyarimana,the president, used constant political maneuvering, so his group increased divisions between Hutu and Tutsi by the end of 1992.
After Habyarimana's plane was shot down, the violence and killings began. Hutu extemists carried out their plan to remove all of the Tutsi people. It is said that about 200,000 people participated in the Rwandan genocide. People were told to come stay at churches, schools, and goverment offices, and the people that went to those places were slaughtered a few hours later. Families and poeple who were suspected of being Tutsi were mostly all found and killed. Also, when they found the Tutsi women they were all systematically raped.Between April and June 1994, in the space of 100 days, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed, which is about three fourths of the Tutsi population.
The genocide only ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel group, the RPF, defeated the Hutu leader and President Paul Kagame took control of the situation. The RPF were finally able to get into Rwanda and take over the country. The RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) were a trained military group consisting of Tutsis who had been exiled earlier in the years.