SCUBA diving safety guidelines

By Taylor Mulligan

Boyle's Law

Describes how the pressure of a gas tends to decrease as the volume of the gas increases.

Charles's Law

Describes how gases tend to expand when heated. When the pressure on a sample of a dry gas held constant, the kelvin temperature and the volume will be directly related.

Dalton's Law

States that in a mixture of non-reacting gases, the total pressure is equal to the sum of the pressures of the individual gases.

Gay-Lussac's Law

The relationship between temperature and pressure

Henry's Law

The amount of a given gas that dissolves in a given type of and volume of liquid that is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas.

The bends

Condition- the decompression sickness

The dangers are- can be treated if caught early enough, can go into a coma if not caught early

side effects- death, leg and arm pain, joints

how to treat it- rescue the diver and from the water and provide emergency care within the limits of your training.

Boyle's and Charles's Law

Air Embolisms

Condition-occurs when more or more gas bubbles enter a vein or artery and block it.

the dangers are- death

side effects- just don't do it again, death if it keeps happening

how to treat it- lay on the person's back with their pelvis above their head.

Boyle's Law

Oxygen Toxicity

Condition-oxygen goes to the wrong places in your body.

the dangers are- oxygen poisoning or even death

side effects- breathing problems, oxygen get cloged in oxygen tissues, and vision problems

how to treat it- hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) tolerance high oxygen

Dalton's Law

Be Lazy! Don't Memorize the Gas Laws!