1848-1877 period 5

Jackson Wideman 1/5/16

Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo

The treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican war. The war lasted not even two years beginning in April 25, 1846 and ended in February of 1848. The U.S. won the war and as results of the war were that Mexico would recognize Texas and the U.S. gained half of mexico's territory in the north.
WXT: U.S. forced Mexico to give land to us in exchange for $15 million.

Compromise of 1850

The compromise of 1850 was written by Henry clay and passed in 5 separate bills as a way to better chance it's passage. The bills were meant to settle the depute of the status of slavery in the new territories west gained by the Mexican war. While the bill was successful in settling the dispute, both sides disliked portions of the compromise.
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Dred Scott decision

Dred Scott was a slave who was taken by his owner into free territory. Dred scott tried to sue for his freedom on the grounds that he was taken into free territory. The case went to the supreme court and under chief justice Taney a decision was made that because Dred Scott was not a united states citizen he could not sue.
APUSH Review: Dred Scott v. Sanford

Sherman's march to the sea

Sherman's march to the sea is another name for the Savannah Campaign. General Sherman led his troops from Atlanta to Savannah starting in November 15th of 1864 to December 21st. Sherman led what he called total war in which he left a trail of destruction to break the will of the people. Sherman waged war on not only the confederate army but civilians also.
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"Who stole the people's money"

Tenure of office act

The Tenure of office act was put into law two years after Lincoln was assassinated and Johnson took his place. The law states that a president needs permission from the senate to replace cabinet members. The law's purpose was to prevent Johnson from replacing Lincoln's cabinet members. Johnson however did not abide by the act and because of that he was impeached.
POL: First president to be impeached.