Sweden, Spain, and Italy

European Country Project

Sweden

Government-

Hereditary monarchy, Unitary state, Representative democracy, Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system


Leader-

King Carl XVI Gustaf


Sweden has a limited government


Member of the European Union?

Yes


current government concern-

immigration


Historical political event-

maintaining neutrality through world war 2


Historical monument-

Kalmar Castle was created as a fortress in the 12th century


A person who changed history and how?

Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite


population-

9.517 million


percent arable land-

6.42


Agriculture-

Grains, oats, wheat, barley, and rye, potatoes and other root crops, vegetables, and fruits are the foods mostly farmed.

Human Environment interaction-

they use a sauna and then jump into icy water


GDP$-

525.7 billion USD


GDP per capita$-

55,244.65 USD


Currency-

krona


Exchange rate to US dollars-

One krona is 0.15 US dollar


major economic activity-


famous brands-

Ikea, H&M, Volvo,


language- Swedish


Religion- christian


Famous landmarks-

Turning Torso (skyscraper)


Cultural foods-

Crispbread, Lingonberries, Lutefisk


music/literature-

abba, ace of base, Swedish house mafia, and Avicii


location- far northern Europe


climate- cold, dark, long winters


topography- rocky coast, low mountains inland













Kalmar Castle

.

Turning Torso

.

Italy

Government type

unitary parliamentary republic

Leader and tittle

Giorgio Napolitano, President

limited or unlimited government

limited

Eropean Union member?

Yes

Current government concern

immigration

Historical political event

Historical monument

Colosseum


A person who changed history

julius caesar- ended Roman republic and began the Roman empire


population

60.92 million

% arable land

47%


agriculture

sugar beets,wheat,corn,tomatoes,oranges,potatoes,apples, barley, and rice,


human enviroment interaction

People have adapted to the land along the coast and they built their homes like this to adapt to the land


GDP $

2.013 trillion


GDP per capita

33,048.75


currency

euro


exchange rated to US dollars

1.00 EUR=1.36191 USD


major economic activities

growing and preparing food,shopping of goods and food, housing, education,


famous brands from the country

tic tac, nutella, Ferrari, Gucci


language

Italian


Religion

Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim


famous land marks

the vatican


cultural foods

Pizza, pasta, Parmesan, coffee and bread and olive oil.


music/ literature

"Bread and wine","Artemisia"


Location

Southern Europe


Climate

Mild with a small difference between summer and winter


topography

Mountains and plains


SPAIN

new country


government type

Unitary state, Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system


leader and title



Mariano Rajoy - Prime minister


limited or unlimited

limited


European union member

Yes


government concern

Catalonia becoming independent


historical political event

1939 - General Francisco Franco lead to victory in the Civil War.


historical monument

Sagrada Familia

The construction of the basilica began in 1882 and still as yet not finished


a person who changed history

king Ferdinand kick Muslims and Jews out of Spain and sent Columbus the the new world.


population

47.27 million


% arable land

25.05


agriculture

wheat, sugar beets, barley, tomatoes, olives, world's largest producer of olive oil and Europe's largest producer of lemons, oranges, and strawberries.


human environment interaction

open reserves to protect animals


GDP $

1.349 trillion


GDP per capita

29,195.38


currency

Euro


exchange rate

one euro is equal to 1.36 US dollar


major economic activities

fixing unemployment


famous brands

FC Barcelona and Zara


language

spanish


religion

Roman Catholicism but most Spaniards are not religions especially the younger generations


famous land marks

Stonehenge was created around 3000 BC, It 's purpose is still unknown


cultural food

Croquettes, Gazpacho or salmorejo, and pisto – Spanish ratatouille


music

influence by Latin American music


location

south western Europe


climate

Mediterranean climate with dry summers and winters


topography

flat plains and rugged hills


mountains and valleys on the coastal border