Manifest Destiny & Reform

Big Changes

Westward Expansion

Thursday

Manifest Destiny

What is your destiny?


Write down what the word Destiny means and what you think yours is!

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Painting Analysis- Manifest Destiny

American Progress Painting Analysis Worksheet!

Practice Question

The Era of Manifest Destiny was best characterized by-

A. Spanish Tariffs on goods

B. American Territorial Expansion

C. British Military Conquest

D. French economic assistance

Define Manifest Destiny!

Summary Question #1- Thursday

In what ways do a person’s actions directly impact the destiny they see for themselves?


Rate your knowledge of Manifest Destiny!


Write down why you rated yourself the way you did!

Friday

Review

  • Destiny
  • American Progress Painting
  • Manifest Destiny

Economic, Social and Political Aspects


Economic- Each region has different economies! Why is that important? North, South & West!


Social- Different immigrant groups had different strengths while interacting with the environment. Agriculture, building railroads, manufacturing are just three areas.


Political- Northwest Ordinance & Louisiana Purchase- First two that had to do with acquiring more land. What did the Louisiana Purchase have to do with the growth of the country?

Economic- Map Activity

Economy of the Regions!


North- Draw a factory, a fish, lumber, railroad, the Erie Canal, label these cities- Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Washington DC, Detroit


South- Draw a cotton boll, wheat, corn, label these cities- Atlanta, Charleston


West- Abundant land! Draw a cotton boll, a cow, wheat, corn, gold, label these cities, St. Louis and Kansas City

Practice Question- Friday




One economic argument for the expansion westward of the United States under Manifest Destiny was the need for —


A western ports for access to Asian markets.


B establishing a transcontinental mail system.


C territory for manufacturing.


D trade with Mexico.

Summary Question #2- Friday

Why were the different regions so diverse in their economy?


What is diverse mean?

Monday

Review Activity- Roll the dice!

1. Manifest Destiny

2. Northern Economy

3. Western Economy

4. Southern Economy

5. Sectionalism

6. Land Acquisitions

Social

Asian (Chinese)- Settled in California and the West to work on Railroads

Native American Indians- Moved west by President Jackson and had frequent battles with Calvary over land.

Irish- Settled in the Midwest and West and went to work on Railroads

German- Settled in the east and Midwest to work in factories

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Map Activity

Fill in your map!

Add each of the sections and dates they were added!

Political

Northwest Ordinance- Law that set up rules for how new territory could become a state!

Louisiana Purchase- Doubled the size of the US

Texas- Added because of the US/Mexican War over where exactly the border between the US and Mexico actually was. Mexico said North of the Rio Grande and the US said the Rio Grande was the border.

Mexican Cession- Other land added from Mexico after the US Mexican War.

Oregon Territory- Bought from England (Ends England's territories in the United States)

Gadsden Purchase- Bought from Mexico in order to provide a route for a southern railroad.

Practice Question- Monday

Which of the following best describes a primary reason for the agricultural economy of the South?


A Technological innovation

B Presence of canals

C Favorable climate

D Protective tariffs

Practice Question- Monday

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Practice Question

A. Region 1

B. Region 2

C. Region 3

D. Region 4

Summary Question #3- Monday

What do land acquisitions have to do with Manifest Destiny?


Rate your knowledge of land acquisitions and why they are important?

Tuesday

Review Activity

Manifest Destiny

Northern Economy

Southern Economy

Western Economy

Land Acquisitions

Economic, Social & Political Activity

Review the posters and indicate what is a reference to Economic, Political and Social!
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Practice Question- Tuesday



Which of the following concepts did the United States use to justify the acquisitions illustrated in the map?

A. Sectionalism

B. Manifest Destiny

C. Assimilation

D. Habeas Corpus

Summary Question #4- Tuesday

What territories were acquired that reflect the current organization of the United States? Name them all!


Rate your knowledge of land acquisitions!

Wednesday

Review

Manifest Destiny

Northern Economy

Southern Economy

Western Economy

Land Acquisitions

US/ Mexican War

US Mexican War

Foldable with the Causes and Effects of the US Mexican War
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Map Activity

Color in the remainder of the map! Green then outline with red!

Manifest Destiny Quiz

Summary Question #5- Wednesday

What is the importance of the Manifest Destiny Era and the events that happened?


Rate your knowledge of Manifest Destiny!

Thursday

Reviewed Manifest Destiny Quiz

Kids answered two questions in teams of 2 or 3!

Wrote their reasoning on the whiteboard!


Rate their knowledge of Manifest Destiny!

Friday

Reform

What does it mean to Reform?

Definition Activity!


Reform the playdough to make it better!

2nd Great Awakening

The movement emphasized the individuals ability to achieve salvation and the need to improve society. Revivals would be held where ministers would preach to crowds of people with singing and praying.
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The Golden Rule

"Do unto others as you would have them do to you!"

How would the Golden Rule impact people wanting to help Reform others lives?

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Reform Movements Activity

Describe what the Reform Movement is about and why is it a problem!

1. Abolition

2. Education

3. Temperance

4. Women’s Suffrage

5. Prison Reform

6. Care of the Disabled

Abolition

Movement against slavery
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Forcing Slavery Down the Throat of a Freesoiler

PAWSS Cartoon Analysis

Summary Question #7- Friday

Why and how did Reform movements develop?


Rate your knowledge of Reform Movements!

Monday

Review

Reform

The Golden Rule

2nd Great Awakening

Abolition

Transcendentalism

Definition- The idea that our spirits have a deep connection with nature and that our ideas "transcend" (or go beyond) the natural world as we see it. We are more "in tune" with nature and our mood is depicted by nature.
Example: Walt Whitman- "Leaves of Green"

Transcendentalism Quotations

Read each of the quotations! Rewrite each quote! Choose one that you like the best and write why you liked it!
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Abolition Timeline- Foldable

Abolition- Define

1700s-1804Religious leaders, especially Quaker leaders, used sermons to change public opinion about slavery. By 1804 all states north of Pennsylvania had outlawed the practice of slavery.

1807 – Congress banned the importation of African people for slavery into the United States. (Anyone who owned slaves could still keep the ones they owned)

1817-American Colonization Society was created to address the needs of formerly-enslaved people from the North.

1820-1840Abolitionists grew in number. Anti-slavery newspapers such as the Freedom’s Journal were published.

1840-1850Abolitionist leaders Grimke sisters, Frederick Douglass, and Sojourner Truth began to speak out across the nation. The Underground Railroad began to make an impact helping those escaping slavery from the South to find passage to safe locations in the North. One notable “conductor” on the railroad was Harriet Tubman, who had escaped slavery.

1850- Many Northerners who considered the Fugitve Slave Law unfair began to support the abolitionist movement.

1853- Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published. While fictional, the novel depicts the harsh realities of slavery and served to increase public support for the abolitionist cause.

Other Abolitionists

Sojourner Truth- Abolitionist and Women's Rights movement! She escaped from her Northern slaveholder. Her first success was using the courts to secure the release and return of her young son who had been sold illegally. She was influenced by Frederick Douglass to speak out against slavery!

"Frederick Douglass has spoken out against slavery, and now I do as well."

Grimke Sisters- Abolitionist leaders who spoke out against slavery!

Underground Railroad- Not a train but a way to lead slaves out of the south. One leader was Harriet Tubman although many white people were the ones to hide slaves in their houses or barns.

Summary Question- Monday

What was the main contribution to begin the Abolitionist movement?

Tuesday

Review

Reform

Transcendentalism

2nd Great Awakening

Abolitionists

Main Reform Movements- Political Cartoon Activity

Stations- Political Cartoons- PAWSS Activity

Abolition, Public Education, Temperance, Women's Rights, Prison Reform & Care of the Disabled

Public Education Reform

Education

*Most children worked on farms or factories and had little or no education.

*Wealthy children paid for their schooling.

*Frontier children all attended together in one rooms schools with teachers who had little education themselves.

* Public Schools (Open for all) open mainly in the North.

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Horace Mann Quote

What does he mean by this quote?

Temperance

Issues with Alcohol

Arguments for Temperance/ Prohibition Laws

*Alcohol is dangerous and destructive

*Cause of unemployment, slums, crime

*Cause of violence

* Some states try to abolish the sale of alcohol

This movement is UNSUCCESSFUL!

Women's Rights

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Seneca Falls Convention

"The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world."

Suffrage

Suffrage- The right to vote!

Many women fight for the right to vote.

Susan B. Anthony- spokesperson for women's suffrage and writer of The Revolution, a newspaper that argued for the abolition of slavery. She fought for women's rights to own property and equal pay for equal work and for shorter work days.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton- A lawyer she was the leader of the Women's Suffrage Movement. She called for the first Women's Convention for the Women's movement. She wrote the Declaration of Sentiments! She was also active in the Abolitionist and Temperance movements.

Lucretia Mott- Women's rights reformist. She was active in the Women's Rights movement.

Lucy Stone- She was against slavery and for women's voting rights

This movement is UNSUCCESSFULl but does lead to shorter workdays for women and reform for other groups like mentally disabled and Slavery!

Prisons

* Prisons were used for those committed of crimes as well as the mentally disabled such as those with Down Syndrome or other disorders. Most prisons were crowded and unsanitary. These two reforms led to better conditions in prisons and the Mentally-Ill moved to special hospitals or homes made just for them where they were treated better.
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Prison Reform & Care of the Mentally Disabled!

Dorothea Dix was one of the main transformers of this movement!
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Practice Question

Which of the following completes the graphic organizer?

A. Anti-Slavery Movement

B. Public School Movement

C. Temperance Movement

D. Women's Suffrage Movement

Practice Question


The American women’s suffrage movement started with a gathering of women and men in —

A. Washington D.C.

B. Seneca Falls, New York

C. Concord, Massachusetts

D. Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania


Summary Question #8- Tuesday

Why do you think that some reform movements were successful and some were not?


Rate your knowledge of Women's Suffrage, Labor Reform, Prison & Mentally Disabled Reform, Temperance and Education Reforms.


If you don't rate it a 5 then tell which reform you don't understand!

Wednesday

Industry and the slavery issue

  • War of 1812- The US stops buying manufactured goods from Europe and buy most goods from the North. Industrialism takes off when Interchangeable parts becomes the way to build manufactured items. Interchangeable parts are the exact same part can replace one part of something instead of replacing the whole thing. Windshield wipers are a good example. You just pop the old one off and replace it. You don't replace the whole car! This method was first used with rifles!
  • Cottage based to Factory based- Cottage is meant to mean houses when people designed and built things themselves. During Industrialization people quit doing that and factories using large machines start making those items. An example is furniture!
  • What does that have to do with slavery?- The North is where most manufacturing is done and the South is mainly agricultural. You hire people to run those large machines but in agriculture you need large groups of people to do the labor. Large groups means it must be cheap labor therefore they needed slaves. This causes division among the North and South.
  • What does that have to do with Reform? Both slavery and children were used for labor. Both were sources of very cheap labor. Neither were treated very well. There were long hours and very dangerous working conditions! This starts two of the Reforms that people noticed needed to be changed!

Authors against slavery

Abolitionist Quotes Activity

Read the quotes and rewrite them in your own words.

Summary Question

Choose a quote from the Abolitionist and describe how quotes from literature impact the world we live in! Do they or do they not?

Thursday

Review

Reform

Transcendentalism

2nd Great Awakening

Abolition

Abolitionist

Education Reform

Temperance

Women's Suffrage

Art, Music & Novels

Art from this time period featured nature from artists such as John James Audubon!
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John James Audubon

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Hudson River School- Artwork

Music

Music and books shows distinct differences for the two main regions of the US. From the south we see books like "Huckleberry Finn" and songs like "Dixie" and from the North songs like "Battle Hymn of the Republic" and books about Abolition such as "A Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave".

Practice Question



Why were these bird paintings considered such an important contribution to American art and society?

A. It was the first time an American-born artist painted American wildlife.

B. They were detailed, depicted birds in their natural habitat, and identified 25 new species.

C. They sold for over $100,000, which is equivalent to over $2 million today.

D. It took over 30 years to observe the bird, draw them, paint them and then publish them.

Review

Reform

Transcendentalism

2nd Great Awakening

Abolition

Abolitionist

Education Reform

Temperance

Women's Suffrage

Prison Reform

Art

Literature

Music

Summary Question #9- Thursday

Why is art and literature important in our study of history? (Think of political cartoons, artwork, novels etc...)


Rate your knowledge of art and literature in history!