Military and Government


  • All males were forced to join the army at the age of 7 and live in a barracks.
  • At the age of 7, boys joined the agoge education program. That trained them to be smart and physical (good soldiers).
  • When men became 20 years old they joined the real army and became full soldiers.
  • Soldiers could leave the barracks and start a family at 30 years old. They were still soldiers.
  • They could retire at the age of 60 but still had to train to be ready at any given moment for a battle.
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Government and Culture

  • Sparta was ruled by two kings and a Council of Elders.
  • They a citizens assembly but they did not much power.
  • The government and culture was thriving in trade and luxurious items, like ivory.
  • They conquered their neighbors for more fertile land Messenia, and slaves, Helots.
  • The Helots rebelled and attacked their Spartan masters.
  • The Spartans won the war and gained more power.
  • Sparta's government changed and became military minded.
  • They were always afraid the Helots would rebel and take over.
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