Andrew Johnson's Plan

Johnson's Presidency

Overview

Andrew Johnson became the 17th president after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. First Andrew Johnson wanted every state to sucede and swear their allegiance back to the Union. He also wanted to ratify the 13th amendment. The 13th amendment outlawed slavery in the United States. Andrew Johnson was one of the few Southerners that didn't want to sucede from the Union. Finally he wanted to give no pardons to high ranking Confederates owning property over $20,000. He was holding them responsible for their actions after the civil war.

Freedmen's Bureau ( what is it, Johnson's response)

The Freedman's Bureau was created by Congress of March 3rd, 1865. It was a temporary agency that was intended to last the duration of the war and one year afterward. Oliver Howard was the creator of the Freedmen's Bureau. It was created to help former black slaves and poor whites following the Civil War.

Civil Rights Act 1866(what is was, Johnson' response)

The Civil Rights Act was passed on April 9th, 1866. It stated that all male persons were granted full citizenship even with their pass record of slavery or involuntary servitude. Andrew Jackson wasn't in favor of this bill either. He and most of his fellow Republicans vetoed this bill as well. This was the first time Congress legislated upon civil rights.

Black Codes(what is was, 3-4 examples from SC)

The Black Codes were passed in 1865 and 1866 after the civil war. These laws purposely restricted African American's rights even after the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Examples of Black Codes were "No person of color shall migrate into and reside in this state, unless, within twenty days after his arrival within the same, he shall enter into a bond with two freeholders as sureties" , "Servants shall not be absent from the premises without the permission of the master" , Servants must assist their masters "in the defense of his own person, family, premises, or property" , and No person of color could become an artisan, mechanic, or shopkeeper unless he obtained a license from the judge of the district court – a license that could cost $100 or more. .

Written Response, Was life truly better for the freed slaves after the Civil War?

In my personal opinion, life was not better for free slaves after the Civil War. I believe the laws that they passed mean nothing. You can put those laws in place, but that doesn't decrease the hatred a lot of people had for African Americans. In some ways it made it worse. Since blacks supposed got "rights", they were around them more so they probably hated them more. Even today, you cant put laws in place that stop people from being racist.