Endangered Animals Of Asia

The Markhor


  • Mammal with grizzled light brown to black fur
  • Lives in groups of nine
  • Every year, a rut happens where males use corkskrew-like horns to decide who is the strongest for the female
  • Active early morning and late afternoon
  • Found in mountains at elevations as high as 3,600 meters


Food Chain

  • Herbivores who eat grass, leaves on pine trees, twigs, shrubs, and junipers
  • Find food on mountainous terrain or scrub forests made of oaks, pines, and junipers
  • Predators are the wolf, snow leopard, and lynx

(ARKive/IUCN Red List)


  • Located in the edges of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan
  • Like to live on mountains and scrub forests
  • Climate alternates seasonally from sunny to cold
  • Usually live anywhere near the top of mountains.



  • Male markhors have long corkskrew-like horns for protection
  • Every markhor has warning sound similar to the bleating of a goat
  • Markhors are extremely adapted to mountains with steep slopes or rocky sides.
  • Live in groups and have powerful legs to reach leaves on trees or jumps on the tree


Critical Info

  • Markhors are hunted for their meat, fur, and horns
  • These mammals listed in Appendix I of CITES
  • Jammu and Kashmir's Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1978 Afghanistan's Protected Species List of 2009 have been enforced to protect markhors in Afghanistan and India
  • In Pakistan, markhors protected by the federal law.

(IUCN Red List)

fighting markhor b

Jinseo Yang

Group 6 Period 0

Photo Credits

photo credit: A Markhor href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/whisperwolf/3156404412/">whisperwolf</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">cc</a>

photo credit: Traits

href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ekilby/4144850557/">Eric Kilby</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">cc</a>

photo credit: Predators

href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ucumari/2446548561/">ucumari</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">cc</a>

photo credit: Habitat

href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bouldair/5367432821/">Andrew-Hyde</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">cc</a>