China' s a communist government. chief of state: President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)head of government: Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008.unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and People's Liberation Army to serve five-year terms).Supreme People's Court (judges appointed by the National People's Congress); Local People's Courts (comprise higher, intermediate, and basic courts); Special People&courts (primarily military, maritime, railway transportation, and forestry courts. no substantial political opposition groups exist. they can vote when they are 18 years of age; universal. China's national holiday is theAnniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949). The judicial branch contains all of the quarts in the country.


China is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam. Chinas coordinates are 35 00 N,105 00 E. The total are is 9,596,961 sq km. The countrys comparison to the world is 4 land: 9,569,901 sq km. the water: 27,060 sq km. China is slightly smaller than the US. chinas land use is arable land: 14.86% permanent crops: 1.27%  other: 83.87% (2005) china's also the worlds  fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak. All about the capitol:name: Beijingeographic coordinates: 39 55 N, 116 23 E time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) note: despite its size, all of China falls within one time zone; many people in Xinjiang Province observe an unofficial "Xinjiang time zone" of UTC+6, two hours behind Beijing . Chinas natural distaster is frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence. Volcanism: China contains some historically active volcanoes including Changbaishan (also known as Baitoushan, Baegdu, or P'aektu-san), Hainan Dao, and Kunlun although most have been relatively inactive in recent centuries.


GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,100 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 118 $8,500 (2011 est.) $7,800 (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars.Labor force: 795.4 millioncountry comparison to the world: 1 note: by the end of 2011, population at working age (15-64 years) was 1.0024 billion (2012 est.) Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 36.7%industry: 28.7% services: 34.6% (2008 est.) The crops China grows are rice, wheat, corn.  


Chinas name for the country as a noun: Chinese (singular and plural) and Chinas adjective: Chinese. Chinas ethnic groups are Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census).The languages spoken are Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry). Also, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet) . Chinas religions are, Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%,and Muslim 1%-2%.


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