The History of Armenia

By: Nshaun Nshanian, Russell Heckert, Josh Gould

The History of Armenia

Evidence has shown that early civilizations were possibly around Armenia dating back 4000 B.C. During the Middle Ages, Armenia was known as the Emirate of Armenia which reunited Armenian lands that were taken by the Byzantine Empire. During the early beginning of the Modern Era, Armenia was then taken over by what was then known as the Ottoman Empire


  • Armenia has a approximate population of about million people
  • Before, 1.5 million Armenians were murdered in what was known as the Armenian Genocide
  • The Armenian Military was only formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, only 25 years ago

Geography

Armenia lies between the Black Sea and the Caspian Seas. It is surrounded by Turkey, Georgia, Iran and Azerbaijan. Most of Armenia is mountainous which means that they are subjected to having hot summers and very cold winters.


  • Highest Point: 4,090 m
  • Lowest Point: 390 m
  • Mount Ararat is considered to be the symbol of Armenian land
  • The area of Armenia is about 11,500 square miles

Religious Beliefs

Armenians follow the religion of Christianity. It was the first nation in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion.


  • Approximately 93% of Armenians "belong" to the Armenian Apostolic Church.
  • Because of Armenia previously in the Soviet Union, the number of active religious practitioners is relatively at an all time low.
  • Armenian Church was founded by two of Jesus' twelve apostles – Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60.

Armenian Economics

Armenia's Economics were weakened when the Soviet Union had collapsed. In 1992-1993 the GDP or Gross Domestic Product dropped about 60% and the national currency suffered from hyperinflation for a few years after its introduction.


  • Mainly based on electronics, chemicals, machinery, synthetic rubber and processed foods
  • A lot of valuable metals, such as, copper, zinc, gold and lead
  • Armenia has a low overall debt to foreign countries with it owing $8.452 Billion
  • The Armenian Government receives aid from the United States through the United States Agency for International Development

Culture of Armenia

Culture engulfs the elements of geography, literature, architecture, dance and music of the people.


  • A lot of folk music, light pop and Christian music
  • A ton of different types of art, like, woodcarving, fine lace and hand-knotted wool carpets
  • A wide array of sports being wrestling, weightlifting, judo, chess, football and boxing
  • The food often has quite a distinct smell. Closely related to eastern and Mediterranean cuisine various spices, vegetables, fish and fruits combine to present unique dishes

Armenian Alphabet and Language

The Armenian Alphabet was invented by the Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD. The alphabet originally included 36 letters but has reached 39 as of now.
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