Come to Georgia!

New land founded in 1732!

James Oglethorpe, a man loyal to his king and country, came up with a penal reform plan after hearing experiences of a friend in debtor's prison. His humanitarian beliefs of a new place without slavery or debt influenced him to present an idea to King George II that he wants to go to the "new world" and find land to rule over, with his new penal reform.

About Georgia

Although there have been explorations along and throughout Georgia by the French and Spanish, Georgia is originally an English colony. It is the youngest of the original colonies of England, and is in the Southern colonies area. Georgia's main crops are maize (corn), beans, pumpkins, melons, and many different kinds of fruits, that have been harvested by the agricultural practice of the Native Americans. Since the climate of Georgia is hot compared to the relatively cool Europe, it created a huge difference for the settlers. When the colony was chartered, the rule was that all religion was accepted except for the Roman Catholic religion. Georgia, along with the other southern colonies, trade tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, and farm products, many of which are produced on slave plantations.

Some major events that have happened are:

  • (1498) Explorer John Cabot made second trip to North America; may have explored coast of Georgia
  • (1540) Hernando de Soto of Spain explored Georgia
  • 1670) Treaty between England and Spain provided possession of land would determine ownership in eastern half of North America
  • (1673-1681) Spanish build fort on St. Catherines island, English attack it, Spanish abandon St. Catherines island (and move to Sapelo island)
  • (1732) King George II issued Georgia first official charter
  • (1749) Law prohibiting slavery rescinded
Major people that influenced Georgia (not in order):

  • Chief Tomochichi of the Yamacraw tribe- Gave Oglethorpe land for the Savannah settlement
  • James Oglethorpe- Proposed treaty to King George II to found Georgia
  • King George II- Approved and issued a charter to grant Oglethorpe's desire for land
  • John Cabot- May have discovered Georgia while making a second trip to North America
  • Hernando de Soto- Explored Georgia
  • King Charles I- Granted charter to Sir Robert Heath that included most of present-day Georgia (in 1629)
  • King Charles II- Gave 1629 charter to Earl of Claredon, Duke of Albemarle, Sir George Carteret and five others

Sources

  • "Trade in the Colonies." ***. Siteseen Ltd, Apr. 2015. Web. 02 June 2015.
  • Nichols, Joel A. "Religious Liberty in the Thirteenth Colony: Church-State Relations in Colonial and Early National Georgia." By Joel A. Nichols. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc., 2015. Web. 02 June 2015.
  • Flatt, William P. "Agriculture in Georgia: Overview." New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press, 30 July 2014. Web. 02 June 2015.
  • Cashin, Edward J. "Trustee Georgia, 1732-1752." New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press, 10 Mar. 2003. Web. 02 June 2015.
  • "Georgia." Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events. Worldatlas.com, 2015. Web. 02 June 2015.
  • Tipton, Jessica. "Important People in Georgia's History (Tipton)." Flashcards. Quizlet Inc., 2015. Web. 02 June 2015. <https://quizlet.com/10061674/important-people-in-georgias-history-tipton-flash-cards/>.