Marburg Virus

By: Aaditya Vittal

Why did I choose This?

I chose this because at the time i chose this there was an ebola outbreak for a month here in the U.S. and I wanted to know what the most deadly virus was.

What is Marburg Virus?

  • rare but severe hemorrhagic fever

  • hemorrhagic fever is with severe headache and severe malaise.



Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Malaise: Malaise is a generalized feeling of discomfort, illness, or lack of well-being.

What can it do to society?

Just like ebola virus, the marburg virus can cause city outbreaks. Now there is a huge outbreak in Africa. Many animal have died from this. Also many species are nearly extinct. Case fatality rates have varied greatly, from 25% in the initial laboratory-associated outbreak in 1967, to more than 80% in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1998-2000 and the outbreak in Angola in 2005.

Where is it?

  • It is mostly in Africa
  • Marburg has spread to many places in Africa
  • Many people and animals have died
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Symptoms

Signs and symptoms typically begin abruptly within five to 10 days of infection with Ebola or Marburg virus. Early signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Severe headache

  • Joint and muscle aches

  • Chills

  • Weakness

Over time, symptoms become increasingly severe and may include:

  • Nausea and bloody vomiting

  • Diarrhea (may be bloody)

  • Red eyes

  • Raised rash

  • Chest pain and cough

  • Stomach pain

  • Severe weight loss

  • Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)

  • Internal bleeding

Stages of Marburg and how it can happen


  • There are 4 stages of marburg.
  • 1st stage- like fever light headache
  • 2nd stage- hurts more strong headache
  • 3rd- hurts a lot/deathbed
  • 4th- death bed
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How can it spread?

The disease is spread through bodily fluids, including blood, feces urine, saliva, and vomit.


Marburg can also spread by contact with ANY surfaces, objects, and materials that have been in contact with body fluids from a sick person, such as:

  • Bedclothes and bedding
  • Clothing
  • Bandages
  • Needles and syringes
  • Medical equipment

In Africa, Marburg may also be spread by:

  • Handling infected wild animals hunted for food (bushmeat)
  • Contact with blood or body fluids of infected animals
  • Contact with infected bats

Marburg does NOT spread through:

  • Air
  • Water
  • Food
  • Insects (mosquitoes)
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Prevention

For the virus they don't have a cure but you can avoid the pain.Preventive measures against Marburg virus infection are not well defined, as transmission from wildlife to humans remains an area of ongoing research. However, avoiding fruit bats, and sick non-human primates in central Africa, is one way to protect against infection.
DatSyn News - Ebola - like Marburg virus kills man in Uganda

Death

A person with marburg virus usually die in about 11-21 days in the 3rd-4th stage. After the victim is dead, The doctor cremates (burns) the body which kills the live virus because of the heat. If the body is left The virus can contaminate anything that touches the virus.


Interactive Activity

Work Cited

"Top Ten Most Dangerous Viruses in the World | Sci-Tech | DW.DE | 12.08.2014." DW.DE. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.


"Ugandan Health Worker Dies Of Marburg Virus, Ebola Relative." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.


"Ugandan Health Worker Dies Of Marburg Virus, Ebola Relative." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.


"DatSyn News - Ebola - like Marburg Virus Kills Man in Uganda." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.


"Marburg Virus." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Apr. 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.


"Fruit Bat." Wikimedia. Web. 6 Apr. 2015. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Lesser_short-nosed_fruit_bat_(Cynopterus_brachyotis).jpg>.